Kenya (kenya )

Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence in 1963 until his death in 1978, when President Daniel MOI took power in a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but were viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenyan people. President MOI stepped down in December 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI, running as the candidate of the multiethnic, united opposition group, the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC), defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA and assumed the presidency following a campaign centered on an anti-corruption platform. KIBAKI's NARC coalition splintered in 2005 over a constitutional review process. Government defectors joined with KANU to form a new opposition coalition, the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM), which defeated the government's draft constitution in a popular referendum in November 2005. KIBAKI's re-election in December 2007 brought charges of vote rigging from ODM candidate Raila ODINGA and unleashed two months of violence in which as many as 1,500 people died. African Union-sponsored mediation led by former UN Secretary General Kofi ANNAN in late February 2008 resulted in a power-sharing accord bringing ODINGA into the government in the restored position of prime minister. The power sharing accord included a broad reform agenda, the centrepiece of which was constitutional reform. In August 2010, Kenyans overwhelmingly adopted a new constitution in a national referendum. The new constitution introduced additional checks and balances to executive power and significant devolution of power and resources to 47 newly created counties. It also eliminated the position of prime minister following the first presidential election under the new constitution, which occurred on 4 March 2013. Uhuru KENYATTA, the son of founding president Jomo KENYATTA, won the March elections in the first round by a close margin and was sworn into office on 9 April 2013.

Details
Formation Date 1500
Territory 569140.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 29100
Military Expenditure 74,114,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES))
Population 44353691
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Operation Linda Nchi 2011-2012 2011 2012 540 unknown
Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa 2002 2002 ongoing unknown unknown
Mau Mau War 1952-1956 1952 1956 44000 unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 569140.00
2012 569140.00
2011 569140.00
2010 569140.00
2009 569140.00
2008 569140.00
2007 569140.00
2006 569140.00
2005 569140.00
2004 569140.00
2003 569140.00
2002 569140.00
2001 569140.00
2000 569140.00
1999 569140.00
1998 569140.00
1997 569140.00
1996 569140.00
1995 569140.00
1994 569140.00
1993 569140.00
1992 569140.00
1991 569140.00
1990 569140.00
1989 569140.00
1988 569140.00
1987 569140.00
1986 569140.00
1985 569140.00
1984 569140.00
1983 569140.00
1982 569140.00
1981 569140.00
1980 569140.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 29100
2011 29100
2010 29120
2009 29120
2008 29000
2007 29000
2005 29000
2004 29000
2003 29100
2002 29400
2001 29400
2000 27200
1999 29200
1998 29200
1997 29200
1996 29200
1995 29200
1994 22000
1993 24000
1992 24000
1991 20000
1990 20000
1989 20000
1985 13700
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 74,114,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 86.12 860589874.59
2012 71,011,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 84.53 840068614.69
2011 57,432,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 88.81 646683931.99
2010 49,287,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 79.23 622074971.6
2009 44,715,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 77.35 578086619.26
2008 40,123,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 69.18 579979762.94
2007 33,301,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 67.32 494667260.84
2006 27,096,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 72.1 375811373.09
2005 23,936,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 75.55 316823295.83
2004 20,570,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 79.17 259820639.13
2003 19,921,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 75.94 262325520.15
2002 17,430,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 78.75 221333333.33
2001 16,258,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 78.56 206950101.83
2000 14,439,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 76.18 189537936.47
1999 10,788,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 70.33 153391155.98
1998 10,580,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 60.37 175252608.91
1997 10,182,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 58.73 173369657.76
1996 10,472,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 57.11 183365435.13
1995 9,039,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 51.43 175753451.29
1994 6,297,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 56.05 112346119.54
1993 6,856,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 58 118206896.55
1992 5,406,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 32.22 167783985.1
1991 4,648,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 27.51 168956743
1990 5,910,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 22.91 257965953.73
1989 5,385,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 20.57 261789013.13
1988 4,021,000,000 (Kenyan Shillings (KES)) 17.75 226535211.27
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Date Population
2013 44353691
2012 43178141
2011 42027891
2010 40909194
2009 39824734
2008 38773277
2007 37752304
2006 36757498
2005 35785718
2004 34834606
2003 33905011
2002 33000524
2001 32126351
2000 31285050
1999 30478597
1998 29702246
1997 28943647
1996 28186224
1995 27418077
1994 26634659
1993 25839132
1992 25036941
1991 24237056
1990 23446439
1989 22666720
1988 21896890
1987 21138372
1986 20392312
1985 19660018
1984 18942464
1983 18241424
1982 17559844
1981 16901167
1980 16267906
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