Macedonia (macedonia)

Macedonia gained its independence peacefully from Yugoslavia in 1991. Greece's objection to the new state's use of what it considered a Hellenic name and symbols delayed international recognition, which occurred under the provisional designation of "the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia." In 1995, Greece lifted a 20-month trade embargo and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, but the issue of the name remained unresolved and negotiations for a solution are ongoing. Since 2004, the US and over 130 other nations have recognized Macedonia by its constitutional name, Republic of Macedonia. Ethnic Albanian grievances over perceived political and economic inequities escalated into an insurgency in 2001 that eventually led to the internationally brokered Ohrid Framework Agreement, which ended the fighting and established guidelines for constitutional amendments and the creation of new laws that enhanced the rights of minorities. Although Macedonia became an EU candidate in 2005, the country still faces challenges, including fully implementing the Framework Agreement, improving relations with Bulgaria, carrying out democratic reforms, and stimulating economic growth and development. Macedonia's membership in NATO was blocked by Greece at the Alliance's Summit of Bucharest in 2008.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 25220.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 8000
Military Expenditure 5,869,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD))
Population 2107158
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia 2001 2001 2001 unknown unknown
Macedonian Communal Violence 1906-1907 1906 1907 unknown unknown
The Ilinden Preobrazhensko Uprising in Macedonia 1903 1903 1903 unknown unknown
Macedonian Insurrection in the Ottoman Empire 1902 1902 1902 unknown unknown
The Macedonian Crisis 1901 1901 1901 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 25220.00
2012 25220.00
2011 25220.00
2010 25220.00
2009 25220.00
2008 25230.00
2007 25230.00
2006 25430.00
2005 25430.00
2004 25430.00
2003 25430.00
2002 25430.00
2001 25430.00
2000 25430.00
1999 25430.00
1998 25430.00
1997 25430.00
1996 25430.00
1995 25430.00
1994 25430.00
1993 25430.00
1992 25430.00
1991 25430.00
1990 25430.00
1989 25430.00
1988 25430.00
1987 25430.00
1986 25430.00
1985 25430.00
1984 25430.00
1983 25430.00
1982 25430.00
1981 25430.00
1980 25430.00
    «1»
Date Military Personnel
2012 8000
2011 8000
2010 8000
2009 8000
2008 19000
2007 19000
2006 19000
2005 19000
2004 17000
2003 20400
2002 19900
2001 26000
2000 23500
1999 23500
1998 27500
1997 22900
1996 17900
1995 17900
1994 10000
1993 10000
1992 10000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 5,869,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 46.4 126487068.97
2012 5,719,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 47.89 119419503.03
2011 5,859,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 44.23 132466651.59
2010 6,044,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 46.49 130006453
2009 7,000,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 44.1 158730158.73
2008 7,229,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 41.87 172653451.16
2007 7,272,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 44.73 162575452.72
2006 6,149,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 48.8 126004098.36
2005 6,259,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 49.28 127008928.57
2004 6,683,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 49.41 135256021.05
2003 6,292,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 54.32 115832106.04
2002 6,841,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 64.35 106309246.31
2001 15,397,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 68.04 226293356.85
2000 4,602,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 65.9 69833080.42
1999 3,769,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 56.9 66239015.82
1998 4,302,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 54.46 78993756.89
1997 4,163,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 50 83260000
1996 5,223,000,000 (Macedonian Denars (MKD)) 39.98 130640320.16
    «1»
Date Population
2013 2107158
2012 2105575
2011 2103890
2010 2102216
2009 2100558
2008 2098769
2007 2096620
2006 2093801
2005 2090044
2004 2085728
2003 2080866
2002 2074441
2001 2065098
2000 2052129
1999 2034487
1998 2013117
1997 1991687
1996 1975207
1995 1967013
1994 1968851
1993 1978999
1992 1993080
1991 2004813
1990 2009710
1989 2006063
1988 1995338
1987 1980064
1986 1964188
1985 1950487
1984 1939913
1983 1931280
1982 1922729
1981 1911496
1980 1895727
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