Maldives (maldives)

A sultanate since the 12th century, the Maldives became a British protectorate in 1887. It became a republic in 1968, three years after independence. President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM dominated the islands' political scene for 30 years, elected to six successive terms by single-party referendums. Following political demonstrations in the capital Male in August 2003, the president and his government pledged to embark upon a process of liberalization and democratic reforms, including a more representative political system and expanded political freedoms. Progress was sluggish, however, and many promised reforms were slow to be realized. Nonetheless, political parties were legalized in 2005. In June 2008, a constituent assembly - termed the "Special Majlis" - finalized a new constitution, which was ratified by the president in August. The first-ever presidential elections under a multi-candidate, multi-party system were held in October 2008. GAYOOM was defeated in a runoff poll by Mohamed NASHEED, a political activist who had been jailed several years earlier by the former regime. President NASHEED faced a number of challenges including strengthening democracy and combating poverty and drug abuse. In early February 2012, after several weeks of street protests following his sacking of a top judge, NASHEED resigned the presidency and handed over power to Vice President Mohammed WAHEED Hassan Maniku. In mid-2012, a Commission of National Inquiry was set by the government to probe events leading up to NASHEED's resignation. Though the commission found no evidence of a coup, the report recommended the need to strengthen the country's democratic institutions to avert similar events in the future, and to further investigate alleged police misconduct during the crisis. Maldivian officials have played a prominent role in international climate change discussions (due to the islands' low elevation and the threat from sea-level rise) on the UN Human Rights Council and in other international forums, as well as in encouraging regional cooperation, especially between India and Pakistan.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 300.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 5000
Population 345023
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Mercenary Coup Attempt in Maldives 1988 1988 1988 unknown unknown
Coup Attempt in Maldives 1983 1983 1983 unknown unknown
Coup Attempt in Maldives 1980 1980 1980 unknown unknown
USR Secession in Maldives 1959-1962 1959 1962 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 300.00
2012 300.00
2011 300.00
2010 300.00
2009 300.00
2008 300.00
2007 300.00
2006 300.00
2005 300.00
2004 300.00
2003 300.00
2002 300.00
2001 300.00
2000 300.00
1999 300.00
1998 300.00
1997 300.00
1996 300.00
1995 300.00
1994 300.00
1993 300.00
1992 300.00
1991 300.00
1990 300.00
1989 300.00
1988 300.00
1987 300.00
1986 300.00
1985 300.00
1984 300.00
1983 300.00
1982 300.00
1981 300.00
1980 300.00
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Date Military Personnel
2000 5000
1999 5000
1998 5000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
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Date Population
2013 345023
2012 338442
2011 331964
2010 325694
2009 319660
2008 313843
2007 308239
2006 302825
2005 297576
2004 292505
2003 287594
2002 282743
2001 277825
2000 272745
1999 267456
1998 261973
1997 256347
1996 250659
1995 244965
1994 239291
1993 233611
1992 227863
1991 221963
1990 215859
1989 209545
1988 203072
1987 196513
1986 189974
1985 183538
1984 177213
1983 171015
1982 165053
1981 159459
1980 154316
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