Mauritania (mauritania)

Independent from France in 1960, Mauritania annexed the southern third of the former Spanish Sahara (now Western Sahara) in 1976 but relinquished it after three years of raids by the Polisario guerrilla front seeking independence for the territory. Maaouya Ould Sid Ahmed TAYA seized power in a coup in 1984 and ruled Mauritania with a heavy hand for more than two decades. A series of presidential elections that he held were widely seen as flawed. A bloodless coup in August 2005 deposed President TAYA and ushered in a military council that oversaw a transition to democratic rule. Independent candidate Sidi Ould Cheikh ABDALLAHI was inaugurated in April 2007 as Mauritania's first freely and fairly elected president. His term ended prematurely in August 2008 when a military junta led by General Mohamed Ould Abdel AZIZ deposed him and installed a military council government. AZIZ was subsequently elected president in July 2009 and sworn in the following month. AZIZ sustained injuries from an accidental shooting by his own troops in October 2012 but has continued to maintain his authority. The country continues to experience ethnic tensions among its black population (Afro-Mauritanians) and white and black Moor (Arab-Berber) communities, and confronts a terrorism threat by al-Qa'ida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 1030700.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 20850
Military Expenditure 44,500,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO))
Population 3889880
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara 2007 2007 ongoing unknown unknown
Mauitanian-Senegalese Border War 1989-1991 1989 1991 unknown unknown
The Sahara War 1975-1991 1975 1979 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 1030700.00
2012 1030700.00
2011 1030700.00
2010 1030700.00
2009 1030700.00
2008 1030700.00
2007 1030700.00
2006 1030700.00
2005 1030700.00
2004 1030700.00
2003 1030700.00
2002 1030700.00
2001 1030700.00
2000 1030700.00
1999 1030700.00
1998 1030700.00
1997 1030700.00
1996 1030700.00
1995 1030700.00
1994 1030700.00
1993 1030700.00
1992 1030700.00
1991 1030700.00
1990 1030700.00
1989 1030700.00
1988 1030700.00
1987 1030700.00
1986 1030700.00
1985 1030700.00
1984 1030700.00
1983 1030700.00
1982 1030700.00
1981 1030700.00
1980 1030700.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 20850
2011 20850
2010 20870
2009 20870
2008 21000
2007 21000
2006 21000
2005 21000
2004 20000
2003 20700
2002 20700
2001 20600
2000 20700
1999 20650
1998 20650
1997 20650
1996 20700
1995 20700
1994 11000
1993 16000
1992 16000
1991 17000
1990 17000
1989 16000
1985 8500
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 44,500,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) Unknown Unknown
2009 30,100,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 262.37 114723482.11
2008 29,400,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 238.2 123425692.7
2006 22,000,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 268.6 81906180.19
2005 17,700,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 265.53 66659134.56
2004 18,600,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) Unknown Unknown
2003 16,400,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 263.03 62350302.25
2002 9,900,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 271.74 36431883.42
2001 13,300,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 255.63 52028322.18
2000 9,100,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 238.92 38088062.95
1999 6,700,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 209.51 31979380.46
1998 4,800,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 188.48 25466893.04
1997 6,300,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 151.85 41488310.83
1996 5,200,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 137.22 37895350.53
1995 4,200,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 129.77 32364953.38
1994 3,600,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 123.58 29130927.33
1993 3,600,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 120.81 29798857.71
1992 3,400,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 87.03 39066988.39
1991 3,200,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 81.95 39048200.12
1990 3,200,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 80.61 39697308.03
1989 3,200,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 83.05 38531005.42
1988 3,200,000,000 (Ouguiyas (MRO)) 75.26 42519266.54
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Date Population
2013 3889880
2012 3796141
2011 3702763
2010 3609420
2009 3516077
2008 3422901
2007 3330037
2006 3237713
2005 3146164
2004 3055425
2003 2965667
2002 2877431
2001 2791403
2000 2708095
1999 2627739
1998 2550307
1997 2475726
1996 2403805
1995 2334388
1994 2267433
1993 2202966
1992 2140957
1991 2081380
1990 2024163
1989 1969295
1988 1916611
1987 1865686
1986 1815983
1985 1767099
1984 1718837
1983 1671233
1982 1624427
1981 1578670
1980 1534141
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