Mongolia (mongolia)

The Mongols gained fame in the 13th century when under Chinggis KHAAN they established a huge Eurasian empire through conquest. After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol states, but these broke apart in the 14th century. The Mongols eventually retired to their original steppe homelands and in the late 17th century came under Chinese rule. Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing and a communist regime was installed in 1924. The modern country of Mongolia, however, represents only part of the Mongols' historical homeland; more ethnic Mongolians live in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China than in Mongolia. Following a peaceful democratic revolution, the ex-communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) won elections in 1990 and 1992, but was defeated by the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) in the 1996 parliamentary election. The MPRP won an overwhelming majority in the 2000 parliamentary election, but the party lost seats in the 2004 election and shared power with democratic coalition parties from 2004-08. The MPRP regained a solid majority in the 2008 parliamentary elections but nevertheless formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party that lasted until January 2012. In 2009, current President ELBEGDORJ of the Democratic Party was elected to office and was re-elected for his second term in June 2013. In 2010, the MPRP voted to retake the name of the Mongolian People's Party (MPP), a name it used in the early 1920s. Shortly thereafter, a new party was formed by former president ENKHBAYAR, which adopted the MPRP name. In the 2012 Parliamentary elections, a coalition of four political parties led by the Democratic Party, gained control of the Parliament.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 1553560.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 17200
Military Expenditure 155,499,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT))
Population 2839073
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Chinese-Mongolian Border Clashes 1947-1948 1947 1948 unknown unknown
World War II 1939-1945 1939 1945 73000000 unknown
Socialist Collectivization in Mongolia 1929-1932 1929 1932 unknown unknown
The Red Invasion of Mongolia 1921 1921 1921 unknown unknown
White Occupation of Outer Mongolia 1920 1920 1920 unknown unknown
Chinese Reoccupation of Outer Mongolia 1919 1919 1919 unknown unknown
Secession of Mongolia from China 1911 1911 1911 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2011 1553560.00
1982 1553560.00
2002 1553560.00
1988 1553560.00
2008 1553560.00
2005 1553560.00
1999 1553560.00
1991 1553560.00
1985 1553560.00
1996 1553560.00
2013 1553560.00
2004 1553560.00
1990 1553560.00
1984 1553560.00
1993 1553560.00
2010 1553560.00
2007 1553560.00
1987 1553560.00
1992 1553560.00
2009 1553560.00
1998 1553560.00
1995 1553560.00
2012 1553560.00
1981 1553560.00
2001 1553560.00
1989 1553560.00
1994 1553560.00
1980 1553560.00
2006 1553560.00
2000 1553560.00
1986 1553560.00
1983 1553560.00
2003 1553560.00
1997 1553560.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 17200
2011 17200
2010 17200
2009 17200
2008 17000
2007 16000
2006 16000
2005 16000
2004 15000
2003 15800
2002 16300
2001 16300
2000 16300
1999 16300
1998 17000
1997 14900
1996 33500
1995 31100
1994 18000
1993 18000
1992 21000
1991 31000
1990 32000
1989 33000
1985 33000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2012 155,499,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 1357.58 114541316.17
2011 110,300,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 1265.52 87157848.16
2010 74,443,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 1357.06 54856085.95
2009 54,110,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 1437.8 37633885.1
2008 77,817,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 1165.8 66749871.33
2007 66,200,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 1170.4 56561859.19
2006 46,232,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 1179.7 39189624.48
2005 35,914,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 1205.25 29797967.23
2004 32,891,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 1185.3 27749093.06
2003 27,899,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 1146.54 24333211.23
2002 28,071,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 1110.31 25282128.41
2001 25,384,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 1097.7 23124715.31
2000 26,126,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 1076.67 24265559.55
1999 18,416,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 1021.87 18021861.88
1998 16,750,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 840.83 19920792.55
1997 14,767,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 789.99 18692641.68
1996 11,850,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 548.4 21608315.1
1995 9,547,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 448.61 21281291.1
1994 6,766,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 412.72 16393680.95
1993 4,147,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 295.01 14057150.61
1992 1,184,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 35.83 33044934.41
1991 888,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) 8.01 110861423.22
1990 592,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) Unknown Unknown
1989 850,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) Unknown Unknown
1988 900,000,000 (Togrog/Tugriks (MNT)) Unknown Unknown
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Date Population
2013 2839073
2012 2796484
2011 2754209
2010 2712738
2009 2672223
2008 2632834
2007 2595068
2006 2559496
2005 2526502
2004 2496248
2003 2468595
2002 2443231
2001 2419669
2000 2397473
1999 2376197
1998 2355618
1997 2335723
1996 2316598
1995 2298063
1994 2280519
1993 2263224
1992 2243525
1991 2217937
1990 2184159
1989 2141016
1988 2089721
1987 2033347
1986 1976309
1985 1921881
1984 1871083
1983 1823211
1982 1777724
1981 1733477
1980 1689621
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