Montenegro (montenegro)

The use of the name Crna Gora or Black Mountain (Montenegro) began in the 13th century in reference to a highland region in the Serbian province of Zeta. The later medieval state of Zeta maintained its existence until 1496 when Montenegro finally fell under Ottoman rule. Over subsequent centuries Montenegro managed to maintain a level of autonomy within the Ottoman Empire. From the 16th to 19th centuries, Montenegro was a theocracy ruled by a series of bishop princes; in 1852, it transformed into a secular principality. Montenegro was recognized as an independent sovereign principality at the Congress of Berlin in 1878. After World War I, during which Montenegro fought on the side of the Allies, Montenegro was absorbed by the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which became the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929; at the conclusion of World War II, it became a constituent republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. When the latter dissolved in 1992, Montenegro federated with Serbia, creating the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and, after 2003, shifting to a looser State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. In May 2006, Montenegro invoked its right under the Constitutional Charter of Serbia and Montenegro to hold a referendum on independence from the state union. The vote for severing ties with Serbia barely exceeded 55% - the threshold set by the EU - allowing Montenegro to formally restore its independence on 3 June 2006.

Details
Formation Date 1852
Territory 13450.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 12180
Military Expenditure 52,300,000 (Euros (EUR))
Population 621383
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
World War I 1914-1918 1914 1918 9911000 unknown
First Balkan War 1912-1913 1912 1913 85000 unknown
Russo-Turkish War 1877-1878 1877 1878 155000 unknown
Second Turko-Montenegrin War 1861-1862 1861 1862 unknown unknown
First Turko-Montenegrin War 1852-1853 1852 1853 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 13450.00
2012 13450.00
2011 13450.00
2010 13450.00
2009 13450.00
2008 13450.00
2007 13450.00
2006 13450.00
2005 13450.00
2004 13450.00
2003 13450.00
2002 13450.00
2001 13450.00
2000 13450.00
1999 13450.00
1998 13450.00
1997 13450.00
1996 13450.00
1995 13450.00
1994 13450.00
1993 13450.00
1992 13450.00
1991 13450.00
1990 13450.00
1989 13450.00
1988 13450.00
1987 13450.00
1986 13450.00
1985 13450.00
1984 13450.00
1983 13450.00
1982 13450.00
1981 13450.00
1980 13450.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 12180
2011 12180
2010 13084
2009 13227
2008 15000
2007 15000
2006 16000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 52,300,000 (Euros (EUR)) 0.75 69733333.33
2012 52,700,000 (Euros (EUR)) 0.78 67564102.56
2011 57,100,000 (Euros (EUR)) 0.72 79305555.56
2010 56,700,000 (Euros (EUR)) 0.76 74605263.16
2009 55,200,000 (Euros (EUR)) 0.72 76666666.67
2008 58,100,000 (Euros (EUR)) 0.68 85441176.47
2007 46,900,000 (Euros (EUR)) 0.73 64246575.34
2006 49,700,000 (Euros (EUR)) 0.8 62125000
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Date Population
2013 621383
2012 621081
2011 620644
2010 620078
2009 619408
2008 618649
2007 617800
2006 616854
2005 615820
2004 614670
2003 613448
2002 612325
2001 611525
2000 611196
1999 611367
1998 611947
1997 612812
1996 613774
1995 614669
1994 615521
1993 616282
1992 616630
1991 616158
1990 614601
1989 611773
1988 607814
1987 603201
1986 598606
1985 594509
1984 591105
1983 588228
1982 585565
1981 582632
1980 579088
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