Mozambique (MOZ)

Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid 1990s. The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frelimo) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy. A UN-negotiated peace agreement between Frelimo and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (Renamo) forces ended the fighting in 1992. In December 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim CHISSANO stepped down after 18 years in office. His elected successor, Armando Emilio GUEBUZA, promised to continue the sound economic policies that have encouraged foreign investment. President GUEBUZA was reelected to a second term in October 2009. However, the elections were flawed by voter fraud, questionable disqualification of candidates, and Frelimo use of government resources during the campaign. As a result, Freedom House removed Mozambique from its list of electoral democracies.

Details
Formation Date 1500
Territory 786380.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 11200
Military Expenditure 2,801,000,000 (Meticais (MZM))
Population 25833752
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
RENAMO insurgency 2013 – 2014 2013 2014 unknown unknown
Renamo Insurgency in Mozambique 1976-1992 1976 1992 12000 unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 786380.00
2012 786380.00
2011 786380.00
2010 786380.00
2009 786380.00
2008 786380.00
2007 786380.00
2006 786380.00
2005 786380.00
2004 786380.00
2003 786380.00
2002 786380.00
2001 786380.00
2000 786380.00
1999 786380.00
1998 786380.00
1997 786380.00
1996 786380.00
1995 786380.00
1994 786380.00
1993 786380.00
1992 786380.00
1991 786380.00
1990 786380.00
1989 786380.00
1988 786380.00
1987 786380.00
1986 786380.00
1985 786380.00
1984 786380.00
1983 786380.00
1982 786380.00
1981 786380.00
1980 786380.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 11200
2011 11200
2010 11200
2009 11200
2008 11000
2007 11000
2006 11000
2005 11000
2004 11000
2003 8200
2002 11000
2001 11000
2000 6100
1999 6100
1998 6100
1997 6100
1996 11000
1995 12000
1994 11000
1993 50000
1992 50000
1991 65000
1990 65000
1989 65000
1985 15800
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2010 2,801,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 33.96 82479387.51
2009 2,320,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 27.52 84302325.58
2008 2,034,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 24.3 83703703.7
2007 1,773,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 25.84 68614551.08
2006 1,459,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 25.4 57440944.88
2005 1,436,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 23.06 62272333.04
2004 1,753,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 22.58 77635075.29
2003 1,422,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 23.78 59798149.71
2002 1,267,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 23.68 53505067.57
2001 1,048,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 20.7 50628019.32
2000 843,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 15.23 55351280.37
1999 722,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 12.78 56494522.69
1998 585,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 11.87 49283909.01
1997 485,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 11.54 42027729.64
1996 407,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 11.29 36049601.42
1995 302,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 9.02 33481152.99
1994 440,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 6.04 72847682.12
1993 230,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 3.87 59431524.55
1992 150,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 2.52 59523809.52
1991 103,000,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 1.43 72027972.03
1990 78,600,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 0.93 84516129.03
1989 58,900,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 0.74 79594594.59
1988 33,500,000 (Meticais (MZM)) 0.52 64423076.92
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Date Population
2013 25833752
2012 25203395
2011 24581367
2010 23967265
2009 23361025
2008 22762525
2007 22171404
2006 21587317
2005 21010376
2004 20438827
2003 19873460
2002 19319894
2001 18785719
2000 18275618
1999 17798102
1998 17350739
1997 16914628
1996 16463426
1995 15981571
1994 15453464
1993 14893218
1992 14350459
1991 13893546
1990 13567959
1989 13394656
1988 13348965
1987 13374618
1986 13390888
1985 13338850
1984 13200833
1983 12992559
1982 12729259
1981 12438624
1980 12142014
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