Nepal (nepal)

In 1951, the Nepali monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system of government. Reforms in 1990 established a multiparty democracy within the framework of a constitutional monarchy. An insurgency led by Maoists broke out in 1996. The ensuing 10-year civil war between Maoist and government forces witnessed the dissolution of the cabinet and parliament and assumption of absolute power by the king in 2002. Several weeks of mass protests in April 2006 were followed by several months of peace negotiations between the Maoists and government officials, and culminated in a late 2006 peace accord and the promulgation of an interim constitution. Following a nationwide election in April 2008, the newly formed Constituent Assembly (CA) declared Nepal a federal democratic republic and abolished the monarchy at its first meeting the following month. The CA elected the country's first president in July. Between 2008 and 2011 there were four different coalition governments, led twice by the United Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist, which received a plurality of votes in the 2008 CA election, and twice by the Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist-Leninist (UML). After the CA failed to draft a constitution by the May 2012 deadline set by the Supreme Court, then Prime Minister Baburam BHATTARAI dissolved the CA. Months of negotiations ensued until March 2013 when the major political parties agreed to create an interim government headed by then Chief Justice Khil Raj REGMI with a mandate to hold elections for a new CA. Elections were held in November 2013, in which and the Nepali Congress won the largest share of the seats in the CA and in February 2014 formed a coalition government with the second place UML and with Nepali Congress President Sushil KOIRALA as prime minister

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 143350.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 157750
Military Expenditure 24,178,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR))
Population 27797457
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Nepalese Civil War 1996-2006 1996 2006 unknown unknown
Democracy Demonstrations in Nepal 1990 1990 1990 unknown unknown
Congress Rebellion in Nepal 1961-1962 1961 1962 8000 unknown
Congress Rebellion in Nepal 1950-1951 1950 1951 12000 unknown
The Kot Massacre in Nepal 1846 1846 1846 unknown unknown
The Gurkha War 1814-1816 1814 1816 25000 unknown
«1»
Establishment Date Territory Area
1996 143000.00
1990 143000.00
2009 143350.00
2004 143350.00
1993 143000.00
1984 143000.00
1987 143000.00
2012 143350.00
2007 143350.00
1998 143000.00
1992 143000.00
1981 143000.00
2011 143350.00
2001 143350.00
1995 143000.00
1989 143000.00
2008 143350.00
2000 143350.00
1994 143000.00
1983 143000.00
2006 143350.00
2013 143350.00
1997 143000.00
1980 143000.00
1986 143000.00
2003 143350.00
2002 143350.00
1988 143000.00
1985 143000.00
1999 143000.00
1991 143000.00
1982 143000.00
2005 143350.00
2010 143350.00
    «1»
Date Military Personnel
2012 157750
2011 157750
2010 157753
2009 157753
2008 131000
2007 131000
2006 131000
2005 131000
2004 131000
2003 103000
2002 91000
2001 86000
2000 90000
1999 90000
1998 90000
1997 86000
1996 71000
1995 63000
1994 35000
1993 35000
1992 35000
1991 35000
1990 35000
1989 35000
1985 25000
    «1»
Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 24,178,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 93.58 258367172.47
2012 21,705,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 85.2 254753521.13
2011 21,060,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 74.02 284517697.92
2010 18,651,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 73.16 254934390.38
2009 16,262,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 77.55 209696969.7
2008 13,050,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 69.76 187069954.13
2007 11,262,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 66.42 169557362.24
2006 11,441,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 72.76 157242990.65
2005 11,371,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 71.37 159324646.21
2004 9,625,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 73.67 130650196.82
2003 8,255,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 76.14 108418702.39
2002 7,420,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 77.88 95274781.72
2001 5,882,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 74.95 78478985.99
2000 3,817,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 71.09 53692502.46
1999 3,486,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 68.24 51084407.97
1998 2,995,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 65.98 45392543.19
1997 2,583,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 58.01 44526805.72
1996 2,358,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 56.69 41594637.5
1995 2,126,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 51.89 40971285.41
1994 2,001,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 49.4 40506072.87
1993 1,877,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 48.61 38613454.02
1992 1,724,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 42.72 40355805.24
1991 1,489,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 37.26 39962426.19
1990 1,151,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 29.37 39189649.3
1989 1,077,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 27.19 39610150.79
1988 899,000,000 (Nepalese Rupees (NPR)) 23.29 38600257.62
    «1»
Date Population
2013 27797457
2012 27474377
2011 27156367
2010 26846016
2009 26544943
2008 26249412
2007 25950022
2006 25634043
2005 25292058
2004 24921910
2003 24525527
2002 24102862
2001 23655119
2000 23184177
1999 22690158
1998 22175431
1997 21647305
1996 21115271
1995 20587157
1994 20065413
1993 19551500
1992 19050879
1991 18569445
1990 18111200
1989 17679536
1988 17273606
1987 16887696
1986 16513244
1985 16143975
1984 15778051
1983 15417207
1982 15062998
1981 14718228
1980 14384864
    «1»