Nicaragua (nicaragua)

The Pacific coast of Nicaragua was settled as a Spanish colony from Panama in the early 16th century. Independence from Spain was declared in 1821 and the country became an independent republic in 1838. Britain occupied the Caribbean Coast in the first half of the 19th century, but gradually ceded control of the region in subsequent decades. Violent opposition to governmental manipulation and corruption spread to all classes by 1978 and resulted in a short-lived civil war that brought the Marxist Sandinista guerrillas to power in 1979. Nicaraguan aid to leftist rebels in El Salvador caused the US to sponsor anti-Sandinista contra guerrillas through much of the 1980s. After losing free and fair elections in 1990, 1996, and 2001, former Sandinista President Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra was elected president in 2006 and re-elected in 2011. The 2008 municipal elections, 2010 regional elections, 2011 presidential elections, 2012 municipal elections, and 2013 regional elections were marred by widespread irregularities. Nicaragua's infrastructure and economy - hard hit by the earlier civil war and by Hurricane Mitch in 1998 - are slowly being rebuilt, but democratic institutions have been weakened under the ORTEGA administration.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 120340.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 12000
Military Expenditure 2,104,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO))
Population 6080478
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Nicaraguan Incursions into Honduras 1986-1987 1986 1987 unknown unknown
Contra Insurgency in Nicaragua 1981-1990 1981 1990 unknown unknown
Sandinista Revolution in Nicaragua 1978-1979 1978 1979 unknown unknown
Sandinista Insurgency in Nicaragua 1961-1978 1961 1978 unknown unknown
Rebel Invasion of Nicaragua 1960 1960 1960 unknown unknown
Nicaraguan Civil War 1927-1933 1927 1933 unknown unknown
Conservative Coup in Nicaragua 1926 1926 1926 unknown unknown
Liberal Rebellion in Nicaragua 1912 1912 1912 unknown unknown
Uprising in Honduras 1911 1911 1911 unknown unknown
Nicaraguan Civil War 1909-1911 1909 1911 unknown unknown
Nicaraguan Invasion of Honduras 1907 1907 1907 4000 unknown
The National War in Nicaragua 1856-1857 1856 1857 unknown unknown
Walker's Revolution in Nicaragua 1854-1855 1854 1855 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 120340.00
2012 120340.00
2011 120340.00
2010 120340.00
2009 120340.00
2008 120340.00
2007 120340.00
2006 120340.00
2005 120340.00
2004 120340.00
2003 120340.00
2002 120340.00
2001 120340.00
2000 120340.00
1999 120340.00
1998 120340.00
1997 120340.00
1996 120340.00
1995 120340.00
1994 120340.00
1993 120340.00
1992 120340.00
1991 120340.00
1990 120340.00
1989 120340.00
1988 120340.00
1987 120340.00
1986 120340.00
1985 120340.00
1984 120340.00
1983 120340.00
1982 120340.00
1981 120340.00
1980 120340.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 12000
2011 12000
2010 12000
2009 12000
2008 12000
2007 14000
2006 14000
2005 14000
2004 14000
2003 14000
2002 14000
2001 16000
2000 16000
1999 16000
1998 17000
1997 17000
1996 17000
1995 12000
1994 14000
1993 15000
1992 15000
1991 20000
1990 28000
1989 65000
1985 62900
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 2,104,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 24.72 85113268.61
2012 1,651,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 23.55 70106157.11
2011 1,154,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 22.42 51471900.09
2010 946,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 21.36 44288389.51
2009 849,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 20.34 41740412.98
2008 826,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 19.37 42643262.78
2007 728,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 18.45 39457994.58
2006 655,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 17.57 37279453.61
2005 571,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 16.73 34130304.84
2004 520,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 15.94 32622333.75
2003 533,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 15.1 35298013.25
2002 496,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 14.25 34807017.54
2001 377,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 13.37 28197456.99
2000 391,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 12.68 30835962.15
1999 318,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 11.81 26926333.62
1998 278,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 10.58 26275992.44
1997 286,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 9.45 30264550.26
1996 266,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 8.44 31516587.68
1995 265,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 7.55 35099337.75
1994 238,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 6.72 35416666.67
1993 226,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 5.62 40213523.13
1992 236,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 5 47200000
1991 289,000,000 (Cordobas (NIO)) 4.27 67681498.83
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Date Population
2013 6080478
2012 5991733
2011 5905146
2010 5822209
2009 5743329
2008 5667983
2007 5595533
2006 5524927
2005 5455219
2004 5386299
2003 5317878
2002 5248577
2001 5176685
2000 5100920
1999 5021079
1998 4937320
1997 4849272
1996 4756631
1995 4659458
1994 4557125
1993 4450371
1992 4342319
1991 4237154
1990 4137788
1989 4045623
1988 3959636
1987 3877325
1986 3794923
1985 3709708
1984 3621067
1983 3529935
1982 3437017
1981 3343536
1980 3250470
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