Niger (niger)

Niger became independent from France in 1960 and experienced single-party and military rule until 1991, when Gen. Ali SAIBOU was forced by public pressure to allow multiparty elections, which resulted in a democratic government in 1993. Political infighting brought the government to a standstill and in 1996 led to a coup by Col. Ibrahim BARE. In 1999, BARE was killed in a counter coup by military officers who restored democratic rule and held elections that brought Mamadou TANDJA to power in December of that year. TANDJA was re-elected in 2004 and in 2009 spearheaded a constitutional amendment that would allow him to extend his term as president. In February 2010, a military coup deposed TANDJA, immediately suspended the constitution, and dissolved the Cabinet. ISSOUFOU Mahamadou emerged victorious from a crowded field in the election following the coup and was inaugurated in April 2011. Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world with minimal government services and insufficient funds to develop its resource base. The largely agrarian and subsistence-based economy is frequently disrupted by extended droughts common to the Sahel region of Africa. The Nigerien Movement for Justice, a predominantly ethnic Tuareg rebel group, emerged in February 2007, and attacked several military targets in Niger's northern region throughout 2007 and 2008. Successful government offensives in 2009 ended the rebellion. Niger is facing increased security concerns on its borders from various external threats including insecurity in Libya, spillover from the conflict in Mali, and violent extremism in north-eastern Nigeria.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 1266700.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 10700
Military Expenditure 35,600,000,000 (XOF)
Population 17831270
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara 2007 2007 ongoing unknown unknown
Tuareg rebellion 2007–2009 2007 2009 unknown unknown
Gulf War 1990-1991 1990 1991 unknown unknown
Tuareg rebellion 1990–1995 1990 1995 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 1266700.00
2012 1266700.00
2011 1266700.00
2010 1266700.00
2009 1266700.00
2008 1266700.00
2007 1266700.00
2006 1266700.00
2005 1266700.00
2004 1266700.00
2003 1266700.00
2002 1266700.00
2001 1266700.00
2000 1266700.00
1999 1266700.00
1998 1266700.00
1997 1266700.00
1996 1266700.00
1995 1266700.00
1994 1266700.00
1993 1266700.00
1992 1266700.00
1991 1266700.00
1990 1266700.00
1989 1266700.00
1988 1266700.00
1987 1266700.00
1986 1266700.00
1985 1266700.00
1984 1266700.00
1983 1266700.00
1982 1266700.00
1981 1266700.00
1980 1266700.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 10700
2011 10700
2010 10700
2009 10700
2008 10000
2007 10000
2006 10000
2005 10000
2004 10000
2003 10700
2002 10700
2001 10700
2000 10700
1999 10700
1998 10700
1997 10700
1996 10700
1995 10700
1994 5000
1993 5000
1992 5000
1991 5000
1990 5000
1989 4000
1985 2200
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2012 35,600,000,000 (XOF) 510.53 69731455.55
2010 23,400,000,000 (XOF) 495.28 47246002.26
2008 24,000,000,000 (XOF) 447.81 53594158.24
2005 17,300,000,000 (XOF) 527.47 32798073.82
2004 16,700,000,000 (XOF) 528.28 31612023.93
2003 14,300,000,000 (XOF) 581.2 24604267.03
2002 14,400,000,000 (XOF) 696.99 20660267.72
2001 18,200,000,000 (XOF) 733.04 24828113.06
2000 14,300,000,000 (XOF) 711.98 20084833.84
1999 14,500,000,000 (XOF) 615.7 23550430.4
1998 13,000,000,000 (XOF) 589.95 22035765.74
1997 10,100,000,000 (XOF) 583.67 17304298.66
1996 8,900,000,000 (XOF) 511.55 17398103.8
1995 9,200,000,000 (XOF) 499.15 18431333.27
1994 9,700,000,000 (XOF) 555.2 17471181.56
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Date Population
2013 17831270
2012 17157042
2011 16511462
2010 15893746
2009 15302948
2008 14737895
2007 14197289
2006 13679705
2005 13183798
2004 12708897
2003 12254040
2002 11817297
2001 11396434
2000 10989815
1999 10596258
1998 10215806
1997 9849621
1996 9499605
1995 9167078
1994 8851763
1993 8552812
1992 8270248
1991 8004058
1990 7753907
1989 7519642
1988 7300220
1987 7093264
1986 6895733
1985 6705210
1984 6520599
1983 6341634
1982 6167768
1981 5998722
1980 5834248
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