Oman (Muscat) (oman)

The inhabitants of the area of Oman have long prospered on Indian Ocean trade. In the late 18th century, a newly established sultanate in Muscat signed the first in a series of friendship treaties with Britain. Over time, Oman's dependence on British political and military advisors increased, but it never became a British colony. In 1970, QABOOS bin Said Al-Said overthrew his father, and he has since ruled as sultan. His extensive modernization program has opened the country to the outside world while preserving the longstanding close ties with the UK. Oman's moderate, independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations with all Middle Eastern countries. Inspired by the popular uprisings that swept the Middle East and North Africa beginning in January 2011, some Omanis began staging marches, demonstrations, and sit-ins calling mostly for more jobs and economic benefits and an end to corruption. In response to those protester demands, QABOOS in 2011 pledged to implement economic and political reforms, such as granting legislative and regulatory powers to the Majlis al-Shura and introducing unemployment benefits. Additionally, in August 2012, the Sultan announced a royal directive mandating the speedy implementation of a national job creation plan for thousands of public and private sector jobs. As part of the government's efforts to decentralize authority and allow greater citizen participation in local governance, Oman successfully conducted its first municipal council elections in December 2012. Announced by the Sultan in 2011, the municipal councils will have the power to advise the Royal Court on the needs of local districts across Oman's 11 governorates.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 309500.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 47000
Military Expenditure 3,555,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR))
Population 3632444
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Gulf War 1990-1991 1990 1991 unknown unknown
Persian Gulf War 1990-1991 1990 1991 41466 unknown
NLF Revolt in Muscat and Oman 1968 1968 1968 unknown unknown
Dhofar Rebellion in Oman 1964-1975 1964 1975 unknown unknown
The Imman's Revolt in Oman 1957 1957 1957 unknown unknown
Omani invasion of Bahrain 1717 1717 1717 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 309500.00
2012 309500.00
2011 309500.00
2010 309500.00
2009 309500.00
2008 309500.00
2007 309500.00
2006 309500.00
2005 309500.00
2004 309500.00
2003 309500.00
2002 309500.00
2001 309500.00
2000 309500.00
1999 309500.00
1998 309500.00
1997 309500.00
1996 309500.00
1995 309500.00
1994 309500.00
1993 309500.00
1992 309500.00
1991 309500.00
1990 309500.00
1989 309500.00
1988 309500.00
1987 309500.00
1986 309500.00
1985 309500.00
1984 309500.00
1983 309500.00
1982 309500.00
1981 309500.00
1980 309500.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 47000
2011 47000
2010 47000
2009 47000
2008 47000
2007 47000
2006 47000
2005 46000
2004 45000
2003 46100
2002 46100
2001 47800
2000 47900
1999 47900
1998 47900
1997 47900
1996 47900
1995 47900
1994 35000
1993 35000
1992 35000
1991 29000
1990 32000
1989 29000
1985 29200
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 3,555,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 9355263157.89
2012 4,743,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 12481578947.37
2011 2,564,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 6747368421.05
2010 1,882,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 4952631578.95
2009 1,726,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 4542105263.16
2008 1,775,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 4671052631.58
2007 1,663,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 4376315789.47
2006 1,550,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 4078947368.42
2005 1,404,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 3694736842.11
2004 1,144,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 3010526315.79
2003 1,010,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 2657894736.84
2002 958,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 2521052631.58
2001 933,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 2455263157.89
2000 809,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 2128947368.42
1999 687,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 1807894736.84
1998 676,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 1778947368.42
1997 760,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 2000000000
1996 737,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 1939473684.21
1995 776,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 2042105263.16
1994 779,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 2050000000
1993 738,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 1942105263.16
1992 778,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 2047368421.05
1991 643,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 1692105263.16
1990 742,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 1952631578.95
1989 601,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 1581578947.37
1988 589,000,000 (Omani Rials (OMR)) 0.38 1550000000
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Date Population
2013 3632444
2012 3314001
2011 3024774
2010 2802768
2009 2663224
2008 2593523
2007 2569739
2006 2554905
2005 2522325
2004 2464001
2003 2389121
2002 2308409
2001 2239025
2000 2192535
1999 2172287
1998 2171135
1997 2177723
1996 2175998
1995 2154600
1994 2109246
1993 2043912
1992 1965586
1991 1885036
1990 1810103
1989 1742950
1988 1681070
1987 1622123
1986 1562144
1985 1498416
1984 1430680
1983 1360637
1982 1289842
1981 1220512
1980 1154375
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