Pakistan (pakistan)

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world and dating back at least 5,000 years, spread over much of what is presently Pakistan. During the second millennium B.C., remnants of this culture fused with the migrating Indo-Aryan peoples. The area underwent successive invasions in subsequent centuries from the Persians, Greeks, Scythians, Arabs (who brought Islam), Afghans, and Turks. The Mughal Empire flourished in the 16th and 17th centuries; the British came to dominate the region in the 18th century. The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with West and East sections) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved, and India and Pakistan fought two wars - in 1947-48 and 1965 - over the disputed Kashmir territory. A third war between these countries in 1971 - in which India capitalized on Islamabad's marginalization of Bengalis in Pakistani politics - resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in 1998. India-Pakistan relations have been rocky since the November 2008 Mumbai attacks, but both countries are taking small steps to put relations back on track. In February 2008, Pakistan held parliamentary elections and in September 2008, after the resignation of former President MUSHARRAF, elected Asif Ali ZARDARI to the presidency. Pakistani government and military leaders are struggling to control domestic insurgents, many of whom are located in the tribal areas adjacent to the border with Afghanistan.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 770880.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 947800
Military Expenditure 777,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR))
Population 182142594
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Balochistan Conflict 2004 2004 ongoing unknown unknown
War in North-West Pakistan 2004 2004 ongoing unknown unknown
Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa 2002 2002 ongoing unknown unknown
Kargil War 1999 1999 1999 unknown unknown
Civil war in Afghanistan 1996–2001 1996 2001 unknown unknown
Bajaur Insurgency in Pakistan 1994 1994 1994 unknown unknown
Civil war in Afghanistan 1992–1996 1992 1996 unknown unknown
Gulf War 1990-1991 1990 1991 unknown unknown
Persian Gulf War 1990-1991 1990 1991 41466 unknown
Sinhi-Muhajir Violence in Pakistan 1984-1992 1984 1992 unknown unknown
Army Coup in Pakistan 1977 1977 1977 unknown unknown
Balochistan Insurgency in Pakistan 1973-1977 1973 1977 unknown unknown
Bangladesh War of Independence 1971 1971 1971 24000 unknown
Second Kashmir War 1965 1965 1965 13459 unknown
Pakistani Annexation of Kalat 1947-1948 1947 1948 unknown unknown
First Kashmir War 1947-1949 1947 1949 8000 unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 770880.00
2012 770880.00
2011 770880.00
2010 770880.00
2009 770880.00
2008 770880.00
2007 770880.00
2006 770880.00
2005 770880.00
2004 770880.00
2003 770880.00
2002 770880.00
2003 770880.00
2001 770880.00
2000 770880.00
1999 770880.00
1998 770880.00
1997 770880.00
1996 770880.00
1995 770880.00
1994 770880.00
1993 770880.00
1992 770880.00
1991 770880.00
1990 770880.00
1989 770880.00
1988 770880.00
1987 770880.00
1986 770880.00
1985 770880.00
1984 770880.00
1983 770880.00
1982 770880.00
1981 770880.00
1980 770880.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 947800
2011 946000
2010 946000
2009 921000
2008 921000
2007 921000
2006 923000
2005 921000
2004 921000
2003 909000
2002 909000
2001 908000
2000 900000
1999 834000
1998 834000
1997 834000
1996 835000
1995 846000
1994 580000
1993 580000
1992 580000
1991 565000
1990 550000
1989 520000
1985 482800
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 777,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 101.63 7645380301.09
2012 699,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 93.4 7483940042.83
2011 601,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 86.34 6960852443.83
2010 509,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 85.19 5974879680.71
2009 431,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 81.71 5274752172.32
2008 368,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 70.41 5226530322.4
2007 325,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 60.74 5350675008.23
2006 300,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 60.27 4977600796.42
2005 273,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 59.51 4587464291.72
2004 241,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 58.26 4136628904.91
2003 215,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 57.75 3722943722.94
2002 196,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 59.72 3281982585.4
2001 176,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 61.93 2841918294.85
2000 160,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 53.65 2982292637.47
1999 153,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 49.5 3090909090.91
1998 145,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 45.05 3218645948.95
1997 137,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 41.11 3332522500.61
1996 128,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 36.08 3547671840.35
1995 116,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 31.64 3666245259.17
1994 102,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 30.57 3336604514.23
1993 93,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 28.11 3308431163.29
1992 85,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 25.08 3389154704.94
1991 73,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 23.8 3067226890.76
1990 61,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 21.71 2809765085.21
1989 53,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 20.54 2580331061.34
1988 49,000,000,000 (Pakistani Rupees (PKR)) 18 2722222222.22
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Date Population
2013 182142594
2012 179160111
2011 176166353
2010 173149306
2009 170093999
2008 167008083
2007 163928329
2006 160905794
2005 157971415
2004 155151394
2003 152419974
2002 149693684
2001 146857081
2000 143832014
1999 140580398
1998 137139290
1997 133597492
1996 130083700
1995 126689577
1994 123450933
1993 120336722
1992 117291344
1991 114229172
1990 111090879
1989 107865403
1988 104583470
1987 101278129
1986 97998462
1985 94783463
1984 91643160
1983 88577077
1982 85601555
1981 82733080
1980 79984297
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