Peru (peru)

Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peruvian independence was declared in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces were defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime, which led to his resignation in 2000. A caretaker government oversaw new elections in the spring of 2001, which installed Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique as the new head of government - Peru's first democratically elected president of indigenous ethnicity. The presidential election of 2006 saw the return of Alan GARCIA Perez who, after a disappointing presidential term from 1985 to 1990, oversaw a robust economic rebound. In June 2011, former army officer Ollanta HUMALA Tasso was elected president, defeating Keiko FUJIMORI Higuchi, the daughter of Alberto FUJIMORI. Since his election, HUMALA has carried on the sound, market-oriented economic policies of the three preceding administrations.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 1280000.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 192000
Military Expenditure 7,742,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN))
Population 30375603
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Ecuadoran-Peruvian Border War 1995 1995 1995 unknown unknown
Cenepa War 1995 1995 1995 unknown unknown
Ecuadoran-Peruvian Border War 1981 1981 1981 unknown unknown
Shining Path Rebellion in Peru 1980-Present 1980 ongoing unknown unknown
Military Coup in Peru 1968 1968 1968 unknown unknown
Naval Mutiny in Peru 1948 1948 1948 unknown unknown
Ecuadoran-Peruvian War 1941 1941 1941 unknown unknown
Military Coup in Peru 1939 1939 1939 unknown unknown
War of the Peruvian-Bolivian Confederation 1836-1839 1936 1939 7000 unknown
APRA Rebellion in Peru 1932 1932 1932 unknown unknown
Leticia War 1932-1933 1932 1933 unknown unknown
Colombian-Peruvian Border Dispute 1922 1922 1922 unknown unknown
Colombian-Peruvian Border Dispute 1911 1911 1911 unknown unknown
Revolution of 1895 in Peru 1895 1895 unknown unknown
Ancash Uprising in Peru 1885 1885 1885 unknown unknown
War of the Pacific 1879-1884 1879 1884 12000 unknown
Talambo Incident in Peru 1862 1862 1862 unknown unknown
Ecuadoran-Peruvian Border War 1859-1860 1859 1860 unknown unknown
Peruvian Civil War 1842-1845 1842 1845 unknown unknown
Peruvian-Bolivian War 1841 1841 1841 2000 unknown
Bolivian Intervention in Peru 1835 1835 1835 unknown unknown
Bolivian-Peruvian War 1827-1829 1827 1829 unknown unknown
San Martin's Invasion of Peru 1821 1821 1821 unknown unknown
Republican Campaign in Ecuador 1822 1820 1822 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 1280000.00
2012 1280000.00
2011 1280000.00
2010 1280000.00
2009 1280000.00
2008 1280000.00
2007 1280000.00
2006 1280000.00
2005 1280000.00
2004 1280000.00
2003 1280000.00
2002 1280000.00
2001 1280000.00
2000 1280000.00
1999 1280000.00
1998 1280000.00
1997 1280000.00
1996 1280000.00
1995 1280000.00
1994 1280000.00
1993 1280000.00
1992 1280000.00
1991 1280000.00
1990 1280000.00
1989 1280000.00
1988 1280000.00
1987 1280000.00
1986 1280000.00
1985 1280000.00
1984 1280000.00
1983 1280000.00
1982 1280000.00
1981 1280000.00
1980 1280000.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 192000
2011 192000
2010 192000
2009 192000
2008 191000
2007 198000
2006 198000
2005 157000
2004 157000
2003 177000
2002 187000
2001 177000
2000 193000
1999 193000
1998 203000
1997 203000
1996 193600
1995 177600
1994 112000
1993 112000
1992 112000
1991 123000
1990 125000
1989 110000
1985 128000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 7,742,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 2.7 2867407407.41
2012 6,768,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 2.64 2563636363.64
2011 5,587,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 2.75 2031636363.64
2010 5,532,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 2.83 1954770318.02
2009 5,157,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 3.01 1713289036.54
2008 4,057,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 2.92 1389383561.64
2007 3,918,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 3.13 1251757188.5
2006 4,011,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 3.27 1226605504.59
2005 3,820,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 3.3 1157575757.58
2004 3,397,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 3.41 996187683.28
2003 3,092,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 3.48 888505747.13
2002 2,982,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 3.52 847159090.91
2001 3,187,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 3.51 907977207.98
2000 3,328,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 3.49 953581661.89
1999 3,398,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 3.38 1005325443.79
1998 3,384,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 2.93 1154948805.46
1997 3,171,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 2.66 1192105263.16
1996 2,426,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 2.45 990204081.63
1995 2,256,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 2.25 1002666666.67
1994 1,727,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 2.2 785000000
1993 1,347,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 1.99 676884422.11
1992 798,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 1.25 638400000
1991 308,000,000 (Nuevo Sol (PEN)) 0.77 400000000
    «1»
Date Population
2013 30375603
2012 29987800
2011 29614887
2010 29262830
2009 28934303
2008 28625628
2007 28328410
2006 28030688
2005 27723281
2004 27403845
2003 27073334
2002 26729909
2001 26372358
2000 26000080
1999 25611482
1998 25206817
1997 24789855
1996 24365985
1995 23939261
1994 23511358
1993 23081735
1992 22649612
1991 22213359
1990 21772035
1989 21325690
1988 20875714
1987 20424055
1986 19973258
1985 19525200
1984 19081183
1983 18641054
1982 18203502
1981 17766418
1980 17328542
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