Russia (USSR) (russia)

Founded in the 12th century, the Principality of Muscovy, was able to emerge from over 200 years of Mongol domination (13th-15th centuries) and to gradually conquer and absorb surrounding principalities. In the early 17th century, a new ROMANOV Dynasty continued this policy of expansion across Siberia to the Pacific. Under PETER I (ruled 1682-1725), hegemony was extended to the Baltic Sea and the country was renamed the Russian Empire. During the 19th century, more territorial acquisitions were made in Europe and Asia. Defeat in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05 contributed to the Revolution of 1905, which resulted in the formation of a parliament and other reforms. Repeated devastating defeats of the Russian army in World War I led to widespread rioting in the major cities of the Russian Empire and to the overthrow in 1917 of the imperial household. The communists under Vladimir LENIN seized power soon after and formed the USSR. The brutal rule of Iosif STALIN (1928-53) strengthened communist rule and Russian dominance of the Soviet Union at a cost of tens of millions of lives. The Soviet economy and society stagnated in the following decades until General Secretary Mikhail GORBACHEV (1985-91) introduced glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) in an attempt to modernize communism, but his initiatives inadvertently released forces that by December 1991 splintered the USSR into Russia and 14 other independent republics. Since then, Russia has shifted its post-Soviet democratic ambitions in favor of a centralized semi-authoritarian state in which the leadership seeks to legitimize its rule through managed national elections, populist appeals by President PUTIN, and continued economic growth. Russia has severely disabled a Chechen rebel movement, although violence still occurs throughout the North Caucasus.

Details
Formation Date 1000
Territory 16376870.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 1364000
Military Expenditure 2,796,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB))
Population 143499861
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
War in Donbass 2014 2014 ongoing unknown unknown
Iraqi Insurgency 2011 – Present 2011 ongoing 75957 unknown
Insurgency in the North Caucasus 2009-Present 2009 ongoing unknown unknown
Russo-Georgian War 2008 2008 2008 unknown unknown
War in Ingushetia 2007 2007 ongoing unknown unknown
Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa 2002 2002 ongoing unknown unknown
War of Dagestan 1999 1999 1999 unknown unknown
Second Chechen War 1999-2009 1999 2009 unknown unknown
Chechen Revolt in Russia 1994-1996 1994 1996 unknown unknown
First Chechen War 1994-1996 1994 1996 unknown unknown
Communist Rebellion in Russia 1993 1993 1993 unknown unknown
Transnistria War 1992 1992 1992 unknown unknown
Civil war in Tajikistan 1992-1997 1992 1997 unknown unknown
Tajikistan Civil War 1992-1994 1992 1994 125000 unknown
August Coup in the Soviet Union 1991 1991 1991 unknown unknown
Soviet Intervention in Latvia 1991 1991 1991 unknown unknown
Soviet Intervention in Lithuania 1991 1991 1991 unknown unknown
Georgian Civil War 1991-1993 1991 1993 unknown unknown
Soviet Intervention in Afghanistan 1979-1988 1979 1988 unknown unknown
The Ogaden War 1977-1978 1977 1978 unknown unknown
Sino-Soviet Border Clashes 1969 1969 1969 unknown unknown
The War of Attrition 1969-1970 1969 1970 13801 unknown
Cuba Missile Crisis 1962 1962 1962 unknown unknown
Pro-Soviet Plot: Albania 1960 1960 1960 unknown unknown
East German Uprising 1953 1953 1953 2000 unknown
Kurdish Mahabad Republic 1945-1946 1945 1946 27000 unknown
Latvian Resistance to Soviet Occupation 1944-1949 1944 1949 unknown unknown
Lithuanian Resistance to Soviet Occupation 1944-1952 1944 1952 unknown unknown
The Katyn Massacre in Soviet Occupied Poland 1940 1940 1940 unknown unknown
Russo-Finnish War 1939-1940 1939 1940 90000 unknown
World War II 1939-1945 1939 1945 73000000 unknown
Soviet-Japanese Border Clash 1938 1938 1938 unknown unknown
Spanish Civil War 1936-1939 1936 1939 763000 unknown
The Great Terror in the Soviet Union 1934-1938 1934 1938 unknown unknown
The Chinese Soviet Republic 1931-1934 1931 1934 unknown unknown
Soviet Invasion of Manchuria 1929 1929 1929 unknown unknown
Soviet Industrialization and Collectivization 1928-1932 1928 1932 unknown unknown
Kronshtadt Rebellion in the Soviet Union 1921 1921 1921 unknown unknown
Soviet-Finnish Border Dispute 1919-1920 1919 1920 unknown unknown
Russian Civil War 1918-1820 1918 1920 unknown unknown
Bolshevik Revolution in Russia 1917 1917 1917 unknown unknown
July Days in Russia 1917 1917 1917 unknown unknown
Kornilov's Revolt in Russia 1917 1917 1917 unknown unknown
The February Revolution in Russia 1917 1917 1917 unknown unknown
World War I 1914-1918 1914 1918 9911000 unknown
Raids of the Black Hundreds in Russia 1906-1911 1906 1911 unknown unknown
Constitutional Revolution in Persia 1906-1907 1906 1907 121000 unknown
Russian Revolution 1905 1905 1905 unknown unknown
Pogroms in Russia 1903 1903 1903 unknown unknown
Russo-Afghan War 1885 1885 1885 unknown unknown
«12»
Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 16376870.00
2012 16376870.00
2011 16376870.00
2010 16376870.00
2009 16376870.00
2008 16376870.00
2007 16377740.00
2006 16377740.00
2005 16381390.00
2004 16381230.00
2003 16380980.00
2002 16380940.00
2001 16380440.00
2000 16381340.00
1999 16388510.00
1998 16381300.00
1997 16378650.00
1996 16377960.00
1995 16378380.00
1994 16381330.00
1993 16386180.00
1992 16389950.00
1991 16389950.00
1990 16389950.00
1989 16389950.00
1988 16389950.00
1987 16389950.00
1986 16389950.00
1985 16389950.00
1984 16389950.00
1983 16389950.00
1982 16389950.00
1981 16389950.00
1980 16389950.00
    «1»
Date Military Personnel
2012 1364000
2011 1364000
2010 1430000
2009 1495000
2008 1476000
2007 1476000
2006 1446000
2005 1452000
2004 1452000
2003 1369700
2002 1397200
2001 1386200
2000 1427100
1999 1482100
1998 1702000
1997 1823000
1996 1622000
1995 1800000
1994 1400000
1993 1500000
1992 1900000
    «1»
Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 2,796,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 31.84 87814070351.76
2012 2,500,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 30.84 81063553826.2
2011 2,064,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 29.38 70251872021.78
2010 1,783,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 30.37 58709252551.86
2009 1,636,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 31.74 51543793320.73
2008 1,396,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 24.85 56177062374.25
2007 1,114,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 25.58 43549648162.63
2006 939,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 27.19 34534755424.79
2005 773,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 28.28 27333804809.05
2004 604,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 28.81 20964942728.22
2003 521,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 30.69 16976213750.41
2002 437,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 31.35 13939393939.39
2001 341,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 29.17 11690092560.85
2000 260,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 28.13 9242801279.77
1999 159,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 24.62 6458164094.23
1998 77,200,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 9.71 7950566426.36
1997 102,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 5.78 17647058823.53
1996 81,000,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 5.12 15820312500
1995 58,100,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 4.56 12741228070.18
1994 29,700,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 2.19 13561643835.62
1993 7,700,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) 0.99 7777777777.78
1992 900,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) Unknown Unknown
1990 123,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) Unknown Unknown
1989 134,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) Unknown Unknown
1988 138,000,000 (Russian Rubles (RUB)) Unknown Unknown
    «1»
Date Population
2013 143499861
2012 143178000
2011 142956460
2010 142385523
2009 141909244
2008 141956409
2007 142114903
2006 142487260
2005 143113885
2004 143821212
2003 144667468
2002 145408033
2001 145976473
2000 146596870
1999 147214777
1998 147670780
1997 147915373
1996 148160126
1995 148141000
1994 148336000
1993 148520000
1992 148689000
1991 148624000
1990 148292000
1989 147721000
1988 146857000
1987 145908000
1986 144894000
1985 143858000
1984 142745000
1983 141668000
1982 140823000
1981 139941000
1980 139010000
    «1»