Rwanda (rwanda)

In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighbouring countries. The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990. The war, along with several political and economic upheavals, exacerbated ethnic tensions, culminating in April 1994 in a state-orchestrated genocide, in which Rwandans killed up to a million of their fellow citizens, including approximately three-quarters of the Tutsi population. The genocide ended later that same year when the predominantly Tutsi RPF, operating out of Uganda and northern Rwanda, defeated the national army and Hutu militias, and established an RPF-led government of national unity. Approximately 2 million Hutu refugees - many fearing Tutsi retribution - fled to neighbouring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and former Zaire. Since then, most of the refugees have returned to Rwanda, but several thousand remained in the neighbouring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC, the former Zaire) and formed an extremist insurgency bent on retaking Rwanda, much as the RPF did in 1990. Rwanda held its first local elections in 1999 and its first post-genocide presidential and legislative elections in 2003. Rwanda in 2009 staged a joint military operation with the Congolese Army in DRC to rout out the Hutu extremist insurgency there, and Kigali and Kinshasa restored diplomatic relations. Rwanda also joined the Commonwealth in late 2009. In January 2013, Rwanda assumed a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 24670.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 35000
Military Expenditure 53,300,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF))
Population 11776522
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Northern Mali conflict 2012 - Present 2012 ongoing unknown unknown
M23 rebellion 2012 - 2013 2012 2012 unknown unknown
Six-Day War 2000 2000 2000 unknown unknown
Second Congo War 1998-2003 1998 2003 unknown unknown
First Congo War 1996-1997 1996 1997 unknown unknown
Tutsi Genocide in Rwanda 1994 1994 1994 unknown unknown
Tutsi Insurgency in Rwanda 1990-1991 1990 1991 unknown unknown
Coup in Rwanda 1980 1980 1980 unknown unknown
Coup in Rwanda 1973 1973 1973 unknown unknown
Massacre of Tutsis in Rwanda 1963-1964 1963 1964 unknown unknown
Rwandan Civil War 1962-1963 1962 1963 unknown unknown
Revolution in Rwanda 1959-1961 1959 1961 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 24670.00
2012 24670.00
2011 24670.00
2010 24670.00
2009 24670.00
2008 24670.00
2007 24670.00
2006 24670.00
2005 24670.00
2004 24670.00
2003 24670.00
2002 24670.00
2001 24670.00
2000 24670.00
1999 24670.00
1998 24670.00
1997 24670.00
1996 24670.00
1995 24670.00
1994 24670.00
1993 24670.00
1992 24670.00
1991 24670.00
1990 24670.00
1989 24670.00
1988 24670.00
1987 24670.00
1986 24670.00
1985 24670.00
1984 24670.00
1983 24670.00
1982 24670.00
1981 24670.00
1980 24670.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 35000
2011 35000
2010 35000
2009 35000
2008 35000
2007 35000
2005 53000
2004 53000
2003 61000
2002 80000
2001 79000
2000 76000
1999 54000
1998 54000
1997 62000
1996 40000
1995 47000
1994 30000
1993 30000
1992 30000
1991 30000
1990 6000
1989 6000
1985 5200
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 53,300,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 646.64 82426079.43
2012 49,000,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 614.3 79765586.85
2011 45,300,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 600.31 75461011.81
2010 43,500,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 583.13 74597431.1
2009 42,800,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 568.28 75314985.57
2008 37,000,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 546.85 67660235.9
2007 30,400,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 546.96 55579932.72
2006 30,100,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 551.71 54557648.04
2005 25,100,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 557.82 44996593.88
2004 23,800,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 577.45 41215689.67
2003 24,300,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 537.65 45196689.3
2002 24,300,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 475.37 51118076.45
2001 25,200,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 442.99 56886159.96
2000 23,900,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 389.7 61329227.61
1999 27,000,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 333.94 80852847.82
1998 27,200,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 312.31 87092952.52
1997 23,300,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 301.53 77272576.53
1996 22,600,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 306.82 73658822.76
1995 14,800,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 262.18 56449767.34
1994 5,700,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 140.7 40511727.08
1993 12,900,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 144.24 89434276.21
1992 11,900,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 133.94 88845751.83
1991 13,200,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 125.16 105465004.79
1990 8,000,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 83.7 95579450.42
1989 3,300,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 80.15 41172801
1988 2,800,000,000 (Rwandan Francs (RWF)) 76.45 36625245.26
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Date Population
2013 11776522
2012 11457801
2011 11144315
2010 10836732
2009 10529668
2008 10222961
2007 9928143
2006 9660946
2005 9429457
2004 9254379
2003 9126167
2002 8987523
2001 8760003
2000 8395577
1999 7853015
1998 7169658
1997 6470628
1996 5929575
1995 5663838
1994 5728464
1993 6066268
1992 6545100
1991 6973664
1990 7214696
1989 7223798
1988 7045785
1987 6740876
1986 6405995
1985 6112554
1984 5873794
1983 5666907
1982 5485328
1981 5313633
1980 5140786
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