Saudi Arabia (saudi)

Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of Islam and home to Islam's two holiest shrines in Mecca and Medina. The king's official title is the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. The modern Saudi state was founded in 1932 by ABD AL-AZIZ bin Abd al-Rahman Al SAUD (Ibn Saud) after a 30-year campaign to unify most of the Arabian Peninsula. One of his male descendants rules the country today, as required by the country's 1992 Basic Law. King ABDALLAH bin Abd al-Aziz ascended to the throne in 2005. Following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in 1990, Saudi Arabia accepted the Kuwaiti royal family and 400,000 refugees while allowing Western and Arab troops to deploy on its soil for the liberation of Kuwait the following year. The continuing presence of foreign troops on Saudi soil after the liberation of Kuwait became a source of tension between the royal family and the public until all operational US troops left the country in 2003. Major terrorist attacks in May and November 2003 spurred a strong on-going campaign against domestic terrorism and extremism. King ABDALLAH since 2005 has worked to incrementally modernize the Kingdom - driven by personal ideology and political pragmatism - through a series of social and economic initiatives, including expanding employment and social opportunities for women, attracting foreign investment, increasing the role of the private sector in the economy, and discouraging businesses from hiring foreign workers. The Arab Spring inspired protests - increasing in number since 2011 but usually small in size - over primarily domestic issues among Saudi Arabia's majority Sunni population. Riyadh has taken a cautious but firm approach by arresting some protesters but releasing most of them quickly, and by using its state-sponsored clerics to counter political and Islamist activism. In addition, Saudi Arabia has seen protests among the Shia populace in the Eastern Province, who have protested primarily against the detention of political prisoners, endemic discrimination, and Bahraini and Saudi Government actions in Bahrain.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 2149690.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 249000
Military Expenditure 251,235,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR))
Population 28828870
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Houthi Insurgency in Yemen 2004 2004 ongoing unknown unknown
Civil war in Afghanistan 1992–1996 1992 1996 unknown unknown
Gulf War 1990-1991 1990 1991 unknown unknown
Persian Gulf War 1990-1991 1990 1991 333966 unknown
Grand Mosque Violence in Saudi Arabia 1987 1987 1987 unknown unknown
North Yemeni Civil War 1962-1970 1962 1970 unknown unknown
Saudi-Yemeni War 1934 1934 1934 unknown unknown
Second Saud-Sharif War 1924 1924 1924 unknown unknown
Saudi Conquest of Asir 1920 1920 1920 unknown unknown
Second Saudi-Rashidi War 1920-1922 1920 1922 unknown unknown
First Saud-Sharif War 1919 1919 1919 unknown unknown
Saudi Conquest of Al-Hasa Province 1913 1913 1913 unknown unknown
First Saudi-Rashidi War 1902-1905 1902 1905 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 2149690.00
2012 2149690.00
2011 2149690.00
2010 2149690.00
2009 2149690.00
2008 2149690.00
2007 2149690.00
2006 2149690.00
2005 2149690.00
2004 2149690.00
2003 2149690.00
2002 2149690.00
2001 2149690.00
2000 2149690.00
1999 2149690.00
1998 2149690.00
1997 2149690.00
1996 2149690.00
1995 2149690.00
1994 2149690.00
1993 2149690.00
1992 2149690.00
1991 2149690.00
1990 2149690.00
1989 2149690.00
1988 2149690.00
1987 2149690.00
1986 2149690.00
1985 2149690.00
1984 2149690.00
1983 2149690.00
1982 2149690.00
1981 2149690.00
1980 2149690.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 249000
2011 249000
2010 249000
2009 249000
2008 238000
2007 238000
2006 240000
2005 216000
2004 214000
2003 215000
2002 215000
2001 217200
2000 217000
1999 178000
1998 178000
1997 178000
1996 178500
1995 177500
1994 164000
1993 172000
1992 172000
1991 191000
1990 146000
1989 82000
1985 62500
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 251,235,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 66996000000
2012 211,867,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 56497866666.67
2011 181,991,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 48530933333.33
2010 169,667,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 45244533333.33
2009 154,772,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 41272533333.33
2008 143,336,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 38222933333.33
2007 132,922,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 35445866666.67
2006 110,779,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 29541066666.67
2005 95,146,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 25372266666.67
2004 78,414,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 20910400000
2003 70,303,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 18747466666.67
2002 69,382,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 18501866666.67
2001 78,850,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 21026666666.67
2000 74,866,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 19964266666.67
1999 68,700,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 18320000000
1998 78,231,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 20861600000
1997 67,975,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 18126666666.67
1996 50,025,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 13340000000
1995 49,501,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 13200266666.67
1994 53,549,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 14279733333.33
1993 61,692,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 16451200000
1992 57,601,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 15360266666.67
1991 61,333,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 16355466666.67
1990 61,333,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 16355466666.67
1989 47,812,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 12749866666.67
1988 50,080,000,000 (Saudi Riyals (SAR)) 3.75 13354666666.67
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Date Population
2013 28828870
2012 28287855
2011 27761728
2010 27258387
2009 26796375
2008 26366358
2007 25915624
2006 25371936
2005 24690067
2004 23839231
2003 22852333
2002 21825217
2001 20891594
2000 20144584
1999 19620692
1998 19282965
1997 19060850
1996 18848350
1995 18567343
1994 18197011
1993 17758096
1992 17263613
1991 16739895
1990 16206078
1989 15665086
1988 15107785
1987 14528398
1986 13918323
1985 13273786
1984 12592829
1983 11885086
1982 11172632
1981 10484746
1980 9843265
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