South Korea (skorea)

An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in 1905 following the Russo-Japanese War. In 1910, Tokyo formally annexed the entire Peninsula. Korea regained its independence following Japan's surrender to the United States in 1945. After World War II, a democratic-based government (Republic of Korea, ROK) was set up in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula while a communist-style government was installed in the north (Democratic People's Republic of Korea, DPRK). During the Korean War (1950-53), US troops and UN forces fought alongside ROK soldiers to defend South Korea from a DPRK invasion supported by China and the Soviet Union. A 1953 armistice split the peninsula along a demilitarized zone at about the 38th parallel. PARK Chung-hee took over leadership of the country in a 1961 coup. During his regime, from 1961 to 1979, South Korea achieved rapid economic growth, with per capita income rising to roughly 17 times the level of North Korea. South Korea held its first free presidential election under a revised democratic constitution in 1987, with former ROK Army general ROH Tae-woo winning a close race. In 1993, KIM Young-sam (1993-98) became the first civilian president of South Korea's new democratic era. President KIM Dae-jung (1998-2003) won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2000 for his contributions to South Korean democracy and his "Sunshine" policy of engagement with North Korea. President PARK Geun-hye, daughter of former ROK President PARK Chung-hee, took office in February 2013 and is South Korea's first female leader. South Korea holds a non-permanent seat (2013-14) on the UN Security Council and will host the 2018 Winter Olympic Games. Serious tensions with North Korea have punctuated inter-Korean relations in recent years, including the North's attacks on a South Korean ship and island in 2010, nuclear and missile tests, and its temporary closure of the inter-Korean Kaesong Industrial Complex in 2013.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 97350.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 659500
Military Expenditure 37,159,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW))
Population 50219669
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa 2002 2002 ongoing unknown unknown
Gulf War 1990-1991 1990 1991 unknown unknown
Student Agitation in South Korea 1987 1987 1987 unknown unknown
Kwangju Uprising in South Korea 1980 1980 1980 unknown unknown
Student Protests in South Korea 1980 1980 1980 unknown unknown
Park's Assassination in South Korea 1979 1979 1979 unknown unknown
Y.H. Incident in South Korea 1979 1979 1979 unknown unknown
Military Coup in South Korea 1961 1961 1961 unknown unknown
April 19th Student Revolution in South Korea 1960 1960 1960 unknown unknown
Buddhist Rebellion in South Vietnam 1955-1960s 1955 1975 4477779 unknown
Korean War 1950-1953 unknown 1953 3954000 unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 97350.00
2012 97350.00
2011 97100.00
2010 97100.00
2009 97100.00
2008 97030.00
2007 96920.00
2006 96880.00
2005 96850.00
2004 96820.00
2003 96800.00
2002 96790.00
2001 96740.00
2000 98730.00
1999 98730.00
1998 98730.00
1997 98730.00
1996 98730.00
1995 98730.00
1994 98730.00
1993 98730.00
1992 98730.00
1991 98730.00
1990 98730.00
1989 98730.00
1988 98730.00
1987 98730.00
1986 98730.00
1985 98730.00
1984 98730.00
1983 98730.00
1982 98730.00
1981 98730.00
1980 98730.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 659500
2011 659500
2010 659500
2009 659500
2008 692000
2007 692000
2006 692000
2005 693000
2004 696000
2003 690500
2002 690500
2001 687500
2000 687500
1999 676500
1998 676500
1997 676500
1996 668000
1995 641000
1994 750000
1993 750000
1992 750000
1991 750000
1990 650000
1989 647000
1985 598000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 37,159,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 1094.85 33939809106.27
2012 35,665,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 1126.47 31660852042.22
2011 34,229,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 1108.29 30884515785.58
2010 31,876,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 1156.06 27572963341
2009 31,168,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 1276.93 24408542363.32
2008 28,733,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 1102.05 26072319767.71
2007 25,765,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 929.26 27726362912.42
2006 24,039,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 954.79 25177264110.43
2005 22,694,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 1024.12 22159512557.12
2004 20,421,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 1145.32 17829951454.62
2003 18,884,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 1191.61 15847466872.55
2002 17,643,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 1251.09 14102102966.21
2001 16,708,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 1290.99 12942005747.53
2000 15,609,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 1130.96 13801549126.41
1999 14,379,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 1188.82 12095186823.91
1998 14,656,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 1401.44 10457814819.04
1997 14,125,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 951.29 14848258680.32
1996 13,200,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 804.45 16408726459.07
1995 11,940,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 771.27 15480959975.11
1994 10,863,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 803.45 13520443089.18
1993 9,935,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 802.67 12377440293.02
1992 9,067,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 780.65 11614680074.3
1991 8,061,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 733.35 10992022908.57
1990 7,156,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 707.76 10110772013.11
1989 6,485,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 671.46 9658058558.96
1988 5,952,000,000,000 (South Korean Won (KRW)) 731.47 8137039113.02
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Date Population
2013 50219669
2012 50004441
2011 49779440
2010 49410366
2009 49182038
2008 48948698
2007 48597652
2006 48371946
2005 48138077
2004 48039415
2003 47859311
2002 47622179
2001 47357362
2000 47008111
1999 46616677
1998 46286503
1997 45953580
1996 45524681
1995 45092991
1994 44641540
1993 44194628
1992 43747962
1991 43295704
1990 42869283
1989 42449038
1988 42031247
1987 41621690
1986 41213674
1985 40805744
1984 40405956
1983 39910403
1982 39326352
1981 38723248
1980 38123775
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