Somalia (somalia)

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule characterized by the persecution, jailing, and torture of political opponents and dissidents. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. In 2000, the Somalia National Peace Conference (SNPC) held in Djibouti resulted in the formation of an interim government, known as the Transitional National Government (TNG). When the TNG failed to establish adequate security or governing institutions, the Government of Kenya, under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), led a subsequent peace process that concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of a second interim government, known as the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of the Somali Republic. The TFG included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 627340.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 20000
Military Expenditure 4,200,000,000 (Somali Shillings (SOS))
Population 10495583
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
War in Somalia 2009–Present 2009 ongoing unknown unknown
Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa 2002 2002 ongoing unknown unknown
West German Commandos in Somalia 1977 1997 1997 unknown unknown
Clan Warfare in Somalia 1993-Present 1993 ongoing unknown unknown
Somalian Civil War 1991-1993 1991 1993 unknown unknown
Somalian Revolution 1990-1991 1990 1991 unknown unknown
Hawiye Insurgency in Somalia 1989-1990 1989 1990 unknown unknown
Ogadeni Insurgency in Somalia 1989-1990 1989 1990 unknown unknown
Ethiopian-Somalian Border Clash 1982 1982 1982 unknown unknown
Isaaq Insurgency in Somalia 1982-1988 1982 1988 unknown unknown
Majeerteen Coup Attempt in Somalia 1978 1978 1978 unknown unknown
Majeerteen Insurgency in Somalia 1978-1986 1978 1986 unknown unknown
The Ogaden War 1977-1978 1977 1978 37000 unknown
Ethiopian-Somalian Border Clashes 1960 1960 1960 unknown unknown
The Greater Somalia Movement 1960-1964 1960 1964 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 627340.00
2012 627340.00
2011 627340.00
2010 627340.00
2009 627340.00
2008 627340.00
2007 627340.00
2006 627340.00
2005 627340.00
2004 627340.00
2003 627340.00
2002 627340.00
2001 627340.00
2000 627340.00
1999 627340.00
1998 627340.00
1997 627340.00
1996 627340.00
1995 627340.00
1994 627340.00
1993 627340.00
1992 627340.00
1991 627340.00
1990 627340.00
1989 627340.00
1988 627340.00
1987 627340.00
1986 627340.00
1985 627340.00
1984 627340.00
1983 627340.00
1982 627340.00
1981 627340.00
1980 627340.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 20000
2011 3200
2010 2000
2009 2000
2000 50000
1999 50000
1998 225000
1997 225000
1996 225000
1995 225000
1990 47000
1989 47000
1985 62700
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
1989 4,200,000,000 (Somali Shillings (SOS)) 490.68 8559550.01
1988 7,918,000,000 (Somali Shillings (SOS)) 170.45 46453505.43
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Date Population
2013 10495583
2012 10195134
2011 9907903
2010 9636173
2009 9380854
2008 9140259
2007 8910851
2006 8687671
2005 8466938
2004 8249965
2003 8037706
2002 7825924
2001 7609265
2000 7385416
1999 7149044
1998 6904978
1997 6673254
1996 6481035
1995 6346440
1994 6278911
1993 6269244
1992 6294017
1991 6319531
1990 6321615
1989 6285456
1988 6217331
1987 6138907
1986 6082723
1985 6068425
1984 6113252
1983 6199671
1982 6271538
1981 6251730
1980 6089707
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