South Africa (southafrica)

Dutch traders landed at the southern tip of modern day South Africa in 1652 and established a stopover point on the spice route between the Netherlands and the Far East, founding the city of Cape Town. After the British seized the Cape of Good Hope area in 1806, many of the Dutch settlers (the Boers) trekked north to found their own republics. The discovery of diamonds (1867) and gold (1886) spurred wealth and immigration and intensified the subjugation of the native inhabitants. The Boers resisted British encroachments but were defeated in the Second Anglo Boer War (1899-1902); however, the British and the Afrikaners, as the Boers became known, ruled together beginning in 1910 under the Union of South Africa, which became a republic in 1961 after a whites-only referendum. In 1948, the National Party was voted into power and instituted a policy of apartheid - the separate development of the races - which favored the white minority at the expense of the black majority. The African National Congress (ANC) led the opposition to apartheid and many top ANC leaders, such as Nelson MANDELA, spent decades in South Africa's prisons. Internal protests and insurgency, as well as boycotts by some Western nations and institutions, led to the regime's eventual willingness to negotiate a peaceful transition to majority rule. 

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 1213090.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 62100
Military Expenditure 39,655,000,000 (Rand (ZAR))
Population 52981991
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Northern Mali conflict 2012 - Present 2012 ongoing unknown unknown
M23 rebellion 2012 - 2013 2012 2013 unknown unknown
Central African Republic conflict 2012 – Present 2012 ongoing unknown unknown
ANC-Inkatha Violence in South Africa 1990-1994 1990 1994 unknown unknown
Language Riots in South Africa 1976 1976 1976 unknown unknown
Sharpeville Massacre in South Africa 1960 1960 1960 unknown unknown
World War II 1939-1945 1939 1945 73000000 unknown
First Italo-Sanusi War 1914-1917 1914 1917 unknown unknown
Bhambatha Uprising in South Africa 1906 1906 1906 unknown unknown
British Blockade of West Africa 1827-1844 1827 1844 unknown unknown
The Crushing in Southern Africa 1818-1828 1818 1828 60000 unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 1213090.00
2012 1213090.00
2011 1213090.00
2010 1213090.00
2009 1213090.00
2008 1213090.00
2007 1213090.00
2006 1213090.00
2005 1213090.00
2004 1213090.00
2003 1213090.00
2002 1213090.00
2001 1213090.00
2000 1213090.00
1999 1213090.00
1998 1213090.00
1997 1213090.00
1996 1213090.00
1995 1213090.00
1994 1213090.00
1993 1213090.00
1992 1213090.00
1991 1213090.00
1990 1213090.00
1989 1213090.00
1988 1213090.00
1987 1213090.00
1986 1213090.00
1985 1213090.00
1984 1213090.00
1983 1213090.00
1982 1213090.00
1981 1213090.00
1980 1213090.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 62100
2011 77582
2010 77153
2009 77153
2008 62000
2007 62000
2006 103000
2005 56000
2004 55000
2003 55700
2002 60000
2001 67000
2000 71600
1999 78150
1998 211700
1997 217440
1996 277900
1995 276900
1994 75000
1993 75000
1992 75000
1991 80000
1990 85000
1989 100000
1985 106400
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 39,655,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 9.66 4105072463.77
2012 37,000,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 8.21 4506699147.38
2011 33,359,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 7.26 4594903581.27
2010 30,663,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 7.32 4188934426.23
2009 30,443,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 8.47 3594214876.03
2008 27,146,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 8.26 3286440677.97
2007 24,840,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 7.05 3523404255.32
2006 23,742,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 6.77 3506942392.91
2005 22,684,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 6.36 3566666666.67
2004 20,019,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 6.46 3098916408.67
2003 19,473,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 7.56 2575793650.79
2002 19,473,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 10.54 1847533206.83
2001 16,044,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 8.61 1863414634.15
2000 13,932,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 6.94 2007492795.39
1999 10,717,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 6.11 1754009819.97
1998 10,323,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 5.53 1866726943.94
1997 11,171,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 4.61 2423210412.15
1996 10,984,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 4.3 2554418604.65
1995 11,620,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 3.63 3201101928.37
1994 12,908,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 3.55 3636056338.03
1993 10,683,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 3.27 3266972477.06
1992 10,488,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 2.85 3680000000
1991 10,488,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 2.76 3800000000
1990 11,330,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 2.59 4374517374.52
1989 11,179,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 2.62 4266793893.13
1988 10,334,000,000 (Rand (ZAR)) 2.27 4552422907.49
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Date Population
2013 52981991
2012 52274945
2011 51579599
2010 50895698
2009 50222996
2008 49561256
2007 48910248
2006 48269753
2005 47639556
2004 47019452
2003 46409243
2002 45808736
2001 44909738
2000 44000000
1999 42923484
1998 41899683
1997 40926063
1996 40000246
1995 39120000
1994 38283223
1993 37473796
1992 36690739
1991 35933108
1990 35200000
1989 34490548
1988 33728498
1987 32933081
1986 32121290
1985 31307880
1984 30505361
1983 29724004
1982 28971839
1981 28254655
1980 27576000
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