Ceylon (Sri Lanka) (srilanka)

The first Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late in the 6th century B.C., probably from northern India. Buddhism was introduced in about the mid-third century B.C., and a great civilization developed at the cities of Anuradhapura (kingdom from circa 200 B.C. to circa A.D. 1000) and Polonnaruwa (from about 1070 to 1200). In the 14th century, a south Indian dynasty established a Tamil kingdom in northern Sri Lanka. The coastal areas of the island were controlled by the Portuguese in the 16th century and by the Dutch in the 17th century. The island was ceded to the British in 1796, became a crown colony in 1802, and was formally united under British rule by 1815. As Ceylon, it became independent in 1948; its name was changed to Sri Lanka in 1972. Tensions between the Sinhalese majority and Tamil separatists erupted into war in 1983. After two decades of fighting, the government and Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) formalized a cease-fire in February 2002 with Norway brokering peace negotiations. Violence between the LTTE and government forces intensified in 2006, but the government regained control of the Eastern Province in 2007. By May 2009, the government announced that its military had defeated the remnants of the LTTE. Since the end of the conflict, the government has enacted an ambitious program of economic development projects, many of which are financed by loans from the Government of China. In addition to efforts to reconstruct its economy, the government has resettled more than 95% of those civilians who were displaced during the final phase of the conflict and released the vast majority of former LTTE combatants captured by Government Security Forces. At the same time, there has been little progress on more contentious and politically difficult issues such as reaching a political settlement with Tamil elected representatives and holding accountable those alleged to have been involved in human rights violations and other abuses during the conflict.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 62710.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 223100
Military Expenditure 235,000,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR))
Population 20483000
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Tamil Rebellion in Sri Lanka 1983-1999 1983 1999 5000 unknown
PLF Rebellion in Ceylon 1971 1971 1971 unknown unknown
Prime Minister's Assassination in Ceylon 1959 1959 1959 unknown unknown
Communal Riots in Ceylon 1958 1958 1958 23000 unknown
Tamil-Sinhalese Conflict in Ceylon 1856 1856 1856 unknown unknown
Sinhalese Insurrection in Ceylon 1817-1818 1817 1818 unknown unknown
British Expedition to Ceylon 1815 1815 1815 unknown unknown
British Expedition to Ceylon 1803-1804 1803 1804 unknown unknown
«1»
Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 62710.00
2012 62710.00
2011 62710.00
2010 62710.00
2009 62710.00
2008 62710.00
2007 62710.00
2006 62710.00
2005 62710.00
2004 62710.00
2003 62710.00
2002 62710.00
2001 62710.00
2000 62710.00
1999 62710.00
1998 62710.00
1997 62710.00
1996 62710.00
1995 62710.00
1994 62710.00
1993 62710.00
1992 62710.00
1991 62710.00
1990 62710.00
1989 62710.00
1988 62710.00
1987 62710.00
1986 62710.00
1985 62710.00
1984 62710.00
1983 62710.00
1982 62710.00
1981 62710.00
1980 62710.00
    «1»
Date Military Personnel
2012 223100
2011 223100
2010 223100
2009 223100
2008 223100
2007 223100
2006 223100
2005 200000
2004 239000
2003 240900
2002 246500
2001 209600
2000 203600
1999 218300
1998 225200
1997 227200
1996 225200
1995 235500
1994 110000
1993 110000
1992 110000
1991 110000
1990 22000
1989 22000
1985 21600
    «1»
Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 235,000,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 129.07 1820717440.15
2012 196,000,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 127.6 1536050156.74
2011 194,000,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 110.57 1754544632.36
2010 173,000,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 113.06 1530160976.47
2009 175,000,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 114.94 1522533495.74
2008 164,000,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 108.33 1513892735.16
2007 117,000,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 110.62 1057674923.16
2006 82,200,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 103.91 791069194.5
2005 64,700,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 100.5 643781094.53
2004 62,700,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 101.19 619626445.3
2003 52,300,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 96.52 541856610.03
2002 54,700,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 95.66 571816851.35
2001 60,300,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 89.38 674647572.16
2000 63,300,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 77.01 821971172.57
1999 44,600,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 70.64 631370328.43
1998 47,300,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 64.45 733902249.81
1997 41,200,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 58.99 698423461.6
1996 42,400,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 55.27 767143115.61
1995 39,100,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 51.25 762926829.27
1994 21,600,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 49.42 437070012.14
1993 17,100,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 48.32 353890728.48
1992 14,300,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 43.83 326260552.13
1991 11,500,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 41.37 277979211.99
1990 7,500,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 40.06 187219171.24
1989 4,500,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 36.05 124826629.68
1988 5,300,000,000 (Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)) 31.81 166614272.24
    «1»
Date Population
2013 20483000
2012 20328000
2011 20869000
2010 20653000
2009 20450000
2008 20217000
2007 20039000
2006 19858000
2005 19644000
2004 19435000
2003 19173000
2002 18921000
2001 18797000
2000 19102000
1999 19056000
1998 18784000
1997 18568000
1996 18336000
1995 18136000
1994 17891000
1993 17646000
1992 17426000
1991 17267000
1990 17015000
1989 16825000
1988 16599000
1987 16373000
1986 16127000
1985 15842000
1984 15603000
1983 15417000
1982 15196000
1981 14847000
1980 14747000
    «1»