Syria (syria)

Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria. The French administered the area as Syria until granting it independence in 1946. The new country lacked political stability, however, and experienced a series of military coups during its first decades. Syria united with Egypt in February 1958 to form the United Arab Republic. In September 1961, the two entities separated, and the Syrian Arab Republic was reestablished. In November 1970, Hafiz al-ASAD, a member of the socialist Ba'th Party and the minority Alawi sect, seized power in a bloodless coup and brought political stability to the country. In the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, Syria lost the Golan Heights to Israel. During the 1990s, Syria and Israel held occasional peace talks over its return. Following the death of President al-ASAD, his son, Bashar al-ASAD, was approved as president by popular referendum in July 2000. Syrian troops - stationed in Lebanon since 1976 in an ostensible peacekeeping role - were withdrawn in April 2005. During the July-August 2006 conflict between Israel and Hizballah, Syria placed its military forces on alert but did not intervene directly on behalf of its ally Hizballah. In May 2007 Bashar al-ASAD's second term as president was approved by popular referendum. Influenced by major uprisings that began elsewhere in the region, antigovernment protests broke out in the southern province of Dar'a in March 2011 with protesters calling for the repeal of the restrictive Emergency Law allowing arrests without charge, the legalization of political parties, and the removal of corrupt local officials. Since then demonstrations and unrest have spread to nearly every city in Syria, but the size and intensity of protests have fluctuated over time. The government responded to unrest with a mix of concessions - including the repeal of the Emergency Law and approving new laws permitting new political parties and liberalizing local and national elections - and force. However, the government's response has failed to meet opposition demands for ASAD to step down, and the government's ongoing security operations to quell unrest and widespread armed opposition activity have led to extended violent clashes between government forces and oppositionists. International pressure on the ASAD regime has intensified since late 2011, as the Arab League, EU, Turkey, and the United States have expanded economic sanctions against the regime. Lakhdar BRAHIMI, current Joint Special Representative of the United Nations and the League of Arab States on the Syrian crisis, in October 2012 began meeting with regional heads of state to assist in brokering a cease-fire. In December 2012, the National Coalition of Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces was recognized by more than 130 countries as the sole legitimate representative of the Syrian people. Unrest persisted in 2013, and the death toll among Syrian Government forces, opposition forces, and civilians has topped 100,000. In January 2014, the Syrian Opposition Coalition and Syrian regime began peace talks at the UN sponsored Geneva II conference.

Details
Formation Date 1500
Territory 183630.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 178000
Military Expenditure 120,000,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP))
Population 22845550
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Northern Iraq Offensive 2014 2014 2014 unknown unknown
Iraqi Insurgency 2011 – Present 2011 ongoing 75957 unknown
Syrian Civil War 2011-Present 2011 ongoing unknown unknown
Gulf War 1990-1991 1990 1991 unknown unknown
Persian Gulf War 1990-1991 1990 1991 41466 unknown
Constitutional Demonstrations in Syria 1973 1973 1973 unknown unknown
Military Coup in Syria 1970 1970 1970 unknown unknown
Syrian Sponsored Terrorism 1970-1986 1970 1986 unknown unknown
Black September in Jordan 1970-1971 1970 1971 unknown unknown
Lebanese- Palestinian Clashes 1969 1969 1969 unknown unknown
The Six Day War 1967 1967 1967 unknown unknown
Muslim Brotherhood in Syria 1965-1985 1965 1985 unknown unknown
Urban Unrest in Syria 1964 1964 1964 unknown unknown
Kurdish Revolt in Iraq 1968-1970 1961 1968 unknown unknown
Syrian-Turkish Border Incidents 1957 1957 1957 unknown unknown
Druse Uprising in Syria 1953-1954 1953 1954 unknown unknown
Druse Revolt 1925-1927 1925 1927 unknown unknown
French Occupation of Syria 1919-1920 1919 1920 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 183630.00
2012 183630.00
2011 183630.00
2010 183630.00
2009 183640.00
2008 183640.00
2007 183640.00
2006 183630.00
2005 183570.00
2004 183570.00
2003 183590.00
2002 183780.00
2001 183780.00
2000 183780.00
1999 183780.00
1998 183780.00
1997 183780.00
1996 183780.00
1995 183780.00
1994 183780.00
1993 183780.00
1992 183780.00
1991 183780.00
1990 183780.00
1989 183780.00
1988 183780.00
1987 183780.00
1986 183780.00
1985 183780.00
1984 183780.00
1983 183780.00
1982 183780.00
1981 183780.00
1980 183780.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 178000
2011 178000
2010 403000
2009 403000
2008 401000
2007 401000
2006 401000
2005 416000
2004 415000
2003 427000
2002 427000
2001 429000
2000 424800
1999 424000
1998 428000
1997 428000
1996 529000
1995 531000
1994 320000
1993 408000
1992 408000
1991 408000
1990 408000
1989 400000
1985 402500
    «1»
Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2011 120,000,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 10685663401.6
2010 109,000,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 9706144256.46
2009 101,000,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 8993766696.35
2008 86,800,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 7729296527.16
2007 82,700,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 7364203027.6
2006 74,900,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 6669634906.5
2005 75,700,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 6740872662.51
2004 70,200,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 6251113089.94
2003 67,100,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 5975066785.4
2002 55,300,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 4924309884.24
2001 53,400,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 4755120213.71
2000 49,300,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 4390026714.16
1999 47,600,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 4238646482.64
1998 45,900,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 4087266251.11
1997 43,900,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 3909171861.09
1996 41,700,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 3713268032.06
1995 39,700,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 3535173642.03
1994 36,600,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 3259127337.49
1993 27,900,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 2484416740.87
1992 31,100,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 2769367764.92
1991 30,200,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 2689225289.4
1990 17,200,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 1531611754.23
1989 15,500,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 1380231522.71
1988 13,600,000,000 (Syrian Pounds (SYP)) 11.23 1211041852.18
    «1»
Date Population
2013 22845550
2012 22399254
2011 21961676
2010 21532647
2009 21031546
2008 20346056
2007 19561477
2006 18804914
2005 18167367
2004 17676012
2003 17298476
2002 16994676
2001 16700984
2000 16371208
1999 15995760
1998 15591261
1997 15168523
1996 14746306
1995 14338240
1994 13945646
1993 13562742
1992 13187960
1991 12818302
1990 12451539
1989 12088336
1988 11729760
1987 11374437
1986 11020570
1985 10667245
1984 10313558
1983 9960919
1982 9613572
1981 9277280
1980 8956156
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