Tajikistan (tajik)

The Tajik people came under Russian rule in the 1860s and 1870s, but Russia's hold on Central Asia weakened following the Revolution of 1917. Bands of indigenous guerrillas (called "basmachi") fiercely contested Bolshevik control of the area, which was not fully reestablished until 1925. Tajikistan was first created as an autonomous republic within Uzbekistan in 1924, but the USSR designated Tajikistan a separate republic in 1929 and transferred to it much of present-day Sughd province. Ethnic Uzbeks form a substantial minority in Tajikistan. Tajikistan became independent in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union, and experienced a civil war between regional factions from 1992 to 1997. Tajikistan endured several domestic security incidents during 2010-12, including armed conflict between government forces and local strongmen in the Rasht Valley and between government forces and criminal groups in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast. The country remains the poorest in the former Soviet sphere. Tajikistan became a member of the World Trade Organization in March 2013. However, its economy continues to face major challenges, including dependence on remittances from Tajikistanis working in Russia, pervasive corruption, and the major role narcotrafficking plays in the country's informal economy.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 139960.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 16300
Military Expenditure 134,000,000 (Tajikistani Somoni (TJS))
Population 8207834
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Tajikistan Insurgency 2010 2010 2012 unknown unknown
Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa 2002 2002 ongoing unknown unknown
Dushanbe Demonstration in Tajikistan 1992 1992 1992 unknown unknown
Tajikistan Civil War 1992-1994 1992 1994 unknown unknown
Civil war in Tajikistan 1992-1997 1992 1997 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 139960.00
2012 139960.00
2011 139960.00
2010 139960.00
2009 139960.00
2008 139960.00
2007 139960.00
2006 139960.00
2005 139960.00
2004 139960.00
2003 139960.00
2002 139960.00
2001 139960.00
2000 139960.00
1999 139960.00
1998 139960.00
1997 139960.00
1996 139960.00
1995 139960.00
1994 139960.00
1993 139960.00
1992 139960.00
1991 139960.00
1990 139960.00
1989 139960.00
1988 139960.00
1987 139960.00
1986 139960.00
1985 139960.00
1984 139960.00
1983 139960.00
1982 139960.00
1981 139960.00
1980 139960.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 16300
2011 16300
2010 16300
2009 16300
2008 17000
2007 17000
2006 17000
2005 13000
2004 12000
2003 7200
2002 7200
2001 7200
2000 7200
1999 10200
1998 10200
1997 10200
1996 23500
1995 18000
1994 3000
1993 3000
1992 3000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2004 134,000,000 (Tajikistani Somoni (TJS)) 2.97 45117845.12
2003 107,000,000 (Tajikistani Somoni (TJS)) 3.06 34967320.26
2002 70,700,000 (Tajikistani Somoni (TJS)) 2.76 25615942.03
2001 29,600,000 (Tajikistani Somoni (TJS)) 2.37 12489451.48
2000 21,500,000 (Tajikistani Somoni (TJS)) 2.08 10336538.46
1999 18,700,000 (Tajikistani Somoni (TJS)) 1.24 15080645.16
1998 17,600,000 (Tajikistani Somoni (TJS)) 0.78 22564102.56
1997 10,700,000 (Tajikistani Somoni (TJS)) 0.56 19107142.86
1996 4,000,000 (Tajikistani Somoni (TJS)) 0.3 13333333.33
1995 713,000 (Tajikistani Somoni (TJS)) 0.12 5941666.67
1994 347,000 (Tajikistani Somoni (TJS)) 0.02 17350000
1993 243,000 (Tajikistani Somoni (TJS)) 0.01 24300000
1992 2,600 (Tajikistani Somoni (TJS)) Unknown Unknown
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Date Population
2013 8207834
2012 8008990
2011 7814850
2010 7627326
2009 7447396
2008 7275252
2007 7111025
2006 6954522
2005 6805655
2004 6663929
2003 6529609
2002 6404118
2001 6289340
2000 6186152
1999 6094661
1998 6012933
1997 5937177
1996 5862347
1995 5784330
1994 5702611
1993 5616797
1992 5523207
1991 5417554
1990 5297286
1989 5160375
1988 5008827
1987 4849253
1986 4690913
1985 4540688
1984 4400743
1983 4269775
1982 4146923
1981 4030104
1980 3917642
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