Tunisia (tunisia)

Rivalry between French and Italian interests in Tunisia culminated in a French invasion in 1881 and the creation of a protectorate. Agitation for independence in the decades following World War I was finally successful in getting the French to recognize Tunisia as an independent state in 1956. The country's first president, Habib BOURGUIBA, established a strict one-party state. He dominated the country for 31 years, repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation. In November 1987, BOURGUIBA was removed from office and replaced by Zine el Abidine BEN ALI in a bloodless coup. Street protests that began in Tunis in December 2010 over high unemployment, corruption, widespread poverty, and high food prices escalated in January 2011, culminating in rioting that led to hundreds of deaths. On 14 January 2011, the same day BEN ALI dismissed the government, he fled the country, and by late January 2011, a "national unity government" was formed. Elections for the new Constituent Assembly were held in late October 2011, and in December, it elected human rights activist Moncef MARZOUKI as interim president. The Assembly began drafting a new constitution in February 2012 and, after several iterations and a months-long political crisis that stalled the transition, ratified the document in January 2014. Presidential and parliamentary elections for a permanent government could be held by the end of 2014.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 155360.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 47800
Military Expenditure 1,540,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND))
Population 10886500
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Libyan Civil War 2011 2011 2011 unknown unknown
Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara 2007 2007 ongoing unknown unknown
Franco-Tunisian Border Clashes 1957 1957 1957 unknown unknown
Tunisian War of Independence 1952-1956 1952 1956 unknown unknown
«1»
Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 155360.00
2012 155360.00
2011 155360.00
2010 155360.00
2009 155360.00
2008 155360.00
2007 155360.00
2006 155360.00
2005 155360.00
2004 155360.00
2003 155360.00
2002 155360.00
2001 155360.00
2000 155360.00
1999 155360.00
1996 155360.00
1995 155360.00
1994 155360.00
1993 155360.00
1992 155360.00
1991 155360.00
1990 155360.00
1989 155360.00
1988 155360.00
1987 155360.00
1986 155360.00
1985 155360.00
1984 155360.00
1983 155360.00
1982 155360.00
1981 155360.00
1980 155360.00
1998 155360.00
1997 155360.00
    «1»
Date Military Personnel
2012 47800
2011 47800
2010 47800
2009 47800
2008 48000
2007 48000
2006 48000
2005 47000
2004 47000
2003 47000
2002 47000
2001 47000
2000 47000
1999 47000
1998 47000
1997 47000
1996 58000
1995 58500
1994 35000
1993 35000
1992 35000
1991 35000
1990 35000
1989 40000
1985 35100
    «1»
Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 1,540,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.62 950617283.95
2012 1,271,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.56 814743589.74
2011 1,007,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.41 714184397.16
2010 818,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.43 572027972.03
2009 763,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.35 565185185.19
2008 713,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.23 579674796.75
2007 629,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.28 491406250
2006 662,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.33 497744360.9
2005 608,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.3 467692307.69
2004 554,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.25 443200000
2003 525,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.29 406976744.19
2002 491,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.42 345774647.89
2001 483,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.44 335416666.67
2000 456,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.37 332846715.33
1999 424,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.19 356302521.01
1998 417,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.14 365789473.68
1997 396,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.11 356756756.76
1996 387,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 0.97 398969072.16
1995 324,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 0.95 341052631.58
1994 301,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1.01 298019801.98
1993 277,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 1 277000000
1992 256,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 0.88 290909090.91
1991 241,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 0.92 261956521.74
1990 218,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 0.88 247727272.73
1989 222,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 0.95 233684210.53
1988 200,000,000 (Tunisian Dinars (TND)) 0.86 232558139.53
    «1»
Date Population
2013 10886500
2012 10777500
2011 10673800
2010 10549100
2009 10439600
2008 10328900
2007 10225100
2006 10127900
2005 10029000
2004 9932400
2003 9839800
2002 9781900
2001 9673600
2000 9563500
1999 9455900
1998 9333300
1997 9215000
1996 9089300
1995 8957500
1994 8815400
1993 8657400
1992 8489900
1991 8318200
1990 8154400
1989 7958694
1988 7857619
1987 7684751
1986 7492633
1985 7260361
1984 7042550
1983 6905136
1982 6729178
1981 6555185
1980 6384000
    «1»