Ukraine (ukraine)

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary (Rada) elections and to become prime minister in August of 2006, and to be elected president in February 2010. In October 2012, Ukraine held Rada elections, widely criticized by Western observers as flawed due to use of government resources to favor ruling party candidates, interference with media access, and harassment of opposition candidates.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 579320.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 214850
Military Expenditure 42,666,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH))
Population 45489600
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
War in Donbass 2014 2014 ongoing unknown unknown
Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa 2002 2002 ongoing unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 579320.00
2012 579320.00
2011 579320.00
2010 579320.00
2009 579320.00
2008 579320.00
2007 579330.00
2006 579360.00
2005 579380.00
2004 579340.00
2003 579340.00
2002 579340.00
2001 579350.00
2000 579350.00
1999 579350.00
1998 579350.00
1997 579350.00
1996 579350.00
1995 579350.00
1994 579350.00
1993 579350.00
1992 579350.00
1991 579350.00
1990 579350.00
1989 579350.00
1988 579350.00
1987 579350.00
1986 579350.00
1985 579350.00
1984 579350.00
1983 579350.00
1982 579350.00
1981 579350.00
1980 579350.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 214850
2011 214850
2010 214825
2009 214825
2008 215000
2007 215000
2006 215000
2005 273000
2004 271000
2003 403000
2002 414800
2001 419800
2000 420400
1999 428000
1998 449400
1997 453400
1996 466800
1995 518500
1994 350000
1993 380000
1992 430000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 42,666,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 7.99 5339924906.13
2012 36,816,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 7.99 4607759699.62
2011 31,251,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 7.97 3921079046.42
2010 29,445,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 7.94 3708438287.15
2009 26,077,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 7.79 3347496790.76
2008 25,341,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 5.27 4808538899.43
2007 20,685,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 5.05 4096039603.96
2006 15,082,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 5.05 2986534653.47
2005 12,328,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 5.12 2407812500
2004 8,963,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 5.32 1684774436.09
2003 7,615,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 5.33 1428705440.9
2002 6,266,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 5.33 1175609756.1
2001 5,848,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 5.37 1089013035.38
2000 6,184,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 5.44 1136764705.88
1999 3,890,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 4.13 941888619.85
1998 3,442,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 2.45 1404897959.18
1997 3,851,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 1.86 2070430107.53
1996 2,680,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 1.83 1464480874.32
1995 1,542,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 1.47 1048979591.84
1994 301,000,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 0.33 912121212.12
1993 6,900,000 (Hryvnia (UAH)) 0.05 138000000
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Date Population
2013 45489600
2012 45593300
2011 45706100
2010 45870700
2009 46053300
2008 46258200
2007 46509350
2006 46787750
2005 47105150
2004 47451600
2003 47812950
2002 48202500
2001 48683864
2000 49175848
1999 49673350
1998 50143939
1997 50594105
1996 51057189
1995 51512298
1994 51921041
1993 52179209
1992 52150265
1991 52000469
1990 51892000
1989 51773000
1988 51521000
1987 51293000
1986 51097000
1985 50917000
1984 50754000
1983 50564000
1982 50384000
1981 50221000
1980 49973757
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