Yemen (yemen)

North Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in 1967 from what became South Yemen. Three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation. The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Yemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states. The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990. A southern secessionist movement and brief civil war in 1994 was quickly subdued. In 2000, Saudi Arabia and Yemen agreed to a delimitation of their border. Fighting in the northwest between the government and the Huthis, a Zaydi Shia minority, began in 2004 and has since resulted in six rounds of fighting - the last ended in early 2010 with a cease-fire that continues to hold. The southern secessionist movement was revitalized in 2008 when a popular socioeconomic protest movement initiated the prior year took on political goals including secession. Public rallies in Sana'a against then President SALIH - inspired by similar demonstrations in Tunisia and Egypt - slowly built momentum starting in late January 2011 fueled by complaints over high unemployment, poor economic conditions, and corruption. By the following month, some protests had resulted in violence, and the demonstrations had spread to other major cities. By March the opposition had hardened its demands and was unifying behind calls for SALIH's immediate ouster, and prominent military and tribal leaders began defecting from SALIH's camp. The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in late April 2011, in an attempt to mediate the crisis in Yemen, proposed an agreement in which the president would step down in exchange for immunity from prosecution. SALIH's refusal to sign an agreement led to heavy street fighting and his injury in an explosion in June 2011. The UN Security Council passed Resolution 2014 in October 2011 calling on both sides to end the violence and complete a power transfer deal.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 527970.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 137900
Military Expenditure 304,000,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER))
Population 24407381
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
South Yemen Insurgency 2009-Present 2009 ongoing unknown unknown
Houthi Insurgency in Yemen 2004 2004 ongoing unknown unknown
Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen 1998 1998 ongoing unknown unknown
Civil war in Yemen 1994 1994 1994 unknown unknown
Civil War in South Yemen 1986 1986 1986 unknown unknown
Second War of the Two Yemens 1979 1979 1979 unknown unknown
War of the Two Yemens 1972 1972 1972 unknown unknown
Yemeni Civil War 1968-1969 1968 1969 unknown unknown
Pre-Independence Violence in South Yemen 1965-1967 1965 1967 unknown unknown
North Yemeni Civil War 1962-1970 1962 1970 unknown unknown
Reformers Coup in North Yemen 1948 1948 1948 unknown unknown
Saudi-Yemeni War 1934 1934 1934 unknown unknown
Anglo-Yemeni Border Clashes 1919-1934 1919 1934 unknown unknown
British Pacification of Southern Yemen 1919-1937 1919 1937 unknown unknown
Pacification of North Yemen circa 1919-1934 1919 1934 unknown unknown
Anglo-Ottoman Border Dispute in Yemen 1904 1904 1904 unknown unknown
Yemeni Secession from the Ottoman Empire 1904-1911 1904 1911 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 527970.00
2012 527970.00
2011 527970.00
2010 527970.00
2009 527970.00
2008 527970.00
2007 527970.00
2006 527970.00
2005 527970.00
2004 527970.00
2003 527970.00
2002 527970.00
2001 527970.00
2000 527970.00
1999 527970.00
1998 527970.00
1997 527970.00
1996 527970.00
1995 527970.00
1994 527970.00
1993 527970.00
1992 527970.00
1991 527970.00
1990 527970.00
1989 527970.00
1988 527970.00
1987 527970.00
1986 527970.00
1985 527970.00
1984 527970.00
1983 527970.00
1982 527970.00
1981 527970.00
1980 527970.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 137900
2011 137900
2010 137900
2009 137900
2008 138000
2007 138000
2006 138000
2005 138000
2004 136000
2003 136700
2002 136500
2001 124000
2000 136300
1999 136300
1998 136300
1997 146300
1996 112000
1995 69500
1994 69000
1993 64000
1992 64000
1991 127000
1990 127000
1989 62000
1985 64100
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 304,000,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 214.89 1414677276.75
2012 308,000,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 214.35 1436902262.65
2011 251,000,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 213.8 1173994387.28
2008 239,000,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 199.76 1196435722.87
2007 209,000,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 198.95 1050515204.83
2006 162,000,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 197.05 822126363.87
2005 156,000,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 191.51 814578873.17
2004 136,000,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 184.78 736010390.73
2003 148,000,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 183.45 806759334.97
2002 130,000,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 175.63 740192450.04
2001 91,100,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 168.67 540107903.01
2000 76,600,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 161.72 473658174.62
1999 61,500,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 155.72 394939635.24
1998 52,200,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 135.88 384162496.32
1997 51,300,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 129.28 396813118.81
1996 39,200,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 94.16 416312659.3
1995 32,900,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 40.84 805582762
1994 28,300,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 12.01 2356369691.92
1993 18,400,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 12.01 1532056619.48
1992 15,700,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 12.01 1307243963.36
1991 12,300,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 12.01 1024146544.55
1990 9,700,000,000 (Yemeni Rials (YER)) 12.01 807660283.1
    «1»
Date Population
2013 24407381
2012 23852409
2011 23304206
2010 22763008
2009 22229625
2008 21703571
2007 21182162
2006 20661714
2005 20139661
2004 19612696
2003 19081306
2002 18551068
2001 18029989
2000 17522537
1999 17035531
1998 16564235
1997 16088019
1996 15578640
1995 15018201
1994 14396720
1993 13726827
1992 13040955
1991 12384543
1990 11790249
1989 11270427
1988 10815614
1987 10409987
1986 10028064
1985 9651313
1984 9276622
1983 8910830
1982 8557021
1981 8220933
1980 7906977
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