Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) (zimbabwe)

The UK annexed Southern Rhodesia from the [British] South Africa Company in 1923. A 1961 constitution was formulated that favored whites in power. In 1965 the government unilaterally declared its independence, but the UK did not recognize the act and demanded more complete voting rights for the black African majority in the country (then called Rhodesia). UN sanctions and a guerrilla uprising finally led to free elections in 1979 and independence (as Zimbabwe) in 1980. Robert MUGABE, the nation's first prime minister, has been the country's only ruler (as president since 1987) and has dominated the country's political system since independence. His chaotic land redistribution campaign, which began in 1997 and intensified after 2000, caused an exodus of white farmers, crippled the economy, and ushered in widespread shortages of basic commodities. Ignoring international condemnation, MUGABE rigged the 2002 presidential election to ensure his reelection. In April 2005, the capital city of Harare embarked on Operation Restore Order, ostensibly an urban rationalization program, which resulted in the destruction of the homes or businesses of 700,000 mostly poor supporters of the opposition. President MUGABE in June 2007 instituted price controls on all basic commodities causing panic buying and leaving store shelves empty for months; a period of increasing hyperinflation ensued. General elections held in March 2008 contained irregularities but still amounted to a censure of the ZANU-PF-led government with the opposition winning a majority of seats in parliament. MDC-T opposition leader Morgan TSVANGIRAI won the most votes in the presidential polls, but not enough to win outright. In the lead up to a run-off election in late June 2008, considerable violence enacted against opposition party members led to the withdrawal of TSVANGIRAI from the ballot. Extensive evidence of violence and intimidation resulted in international condemnation of the process. Difficult negotiations over a power-sharing "government of national unity," in which MUGABE remained president and TSVANGIRAI became prime minister, were finally settled in February 2009, although the leaders failed to agree upon many key outstanding governmental issues.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 386850.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 50800
Military Expenditure 356,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD))
Population 14149648
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Kivu conflict 2004-2009 2004 2009 unknown unknown
Second Congo War 1998-2003 1998 2003 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 386850.00
2012 386850.00
2011 386850.00
2010 386850.00
2009 386850.00
2008 386850.00
2007 386850.00
2006 386850.00
2005 386850.00
2004 386850.00
2003 386850.00
2002 386850.00
2001 386850.00
2000 386850.00
1999 386850.00
1998 386850.00
1997 386850.00
1996 386850.00
1995 386850.00
1994 386850.00
1993 386850.00
1992 386850.00
1991 386850.00
1990 386850.00
1989 386850.00
1988 386850.00
1987 386850.00
1986 386850.00
1985 386850.00
1984 386850.00
1983 386850.00
1982 386850.00
1981 386850.00
1980 386850.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 50800
2011 50800
2010 50800
2009 50800
2008 51000
2007 51000
2006 51000
2005 51000
2004 50000
2003 50800
2002 57800
2001 60800
2000 61800
1999 60800
1998 60800
1997 60800
1996 64800
1995 67800
1994 43000
1993 48000
1992 48000
1991 45000
1990 45000
1989 51000
1985 41000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 356,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) Unknown Unknown
2012 318,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) Unknown Unknown
2011 198,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) Unknown Unknown
2010 98,300,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) Unknown Unknown
2006 162,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) 164.55 984503.19
2005 131,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) 22.39 5850826.26
2004 256,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) 5.07 50493096.65
2003 195,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) 0.7 278571428.57
2002 677,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) 0.06 11283333333.33
2001 287,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) 0.06 4783333333.33
2000 346,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) 0.04 8650000000
1999 263,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) 0.04 6575000000
1997 459,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) 0.01 45900000000
1996 317,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) 0.01 31700000000
1995 267,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) 0.01 26700000000
1994 259,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) 0.01 25900000000
1993 237,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) 0.01 23700000000
1992 263,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) 0.01 26300000000
1991 330,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) Unknown Unknown
1990 423,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) Unknown Unknown
1989 410,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) Unknown Unknown
1988 407,000,000 (Zimbabwean Dollars (ZWD)) Unknown Unknown
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Date Population
2013 14149648
2012 13724317
2011 13358738
2010 13076978
2009 12888918
2008 12784041
2007 12740160
2006 12724308
2005 12710589
2004 12693047
2003 12673103
2002 12640922
2001 12586763
2000 12503652
1999 12384727
1998 12229500
1997 12045813
1996 11846110
1995 11639364
1994 11428655
1993 11210802
1992 10981267
1991 10733048
1990 10461782
1989 10167392
1988 9854098
1987 9527192
1986 9193889
1985 8860331
1984 8527836
1983 8197858
1982 7876786
1981 7572129
1980 7289069
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