The Caucasus Emirate, also known as the Caucasian Emirate, is a militant Jihadist organisation believed by some[who?] to be active in the Russian Federation. Its intention is to expel the Russian presence from the North Caucasus and to establish an independent Islamic emirate in the region. Caucasus Emirate also refers to the self-declared, unrecognized state that the group seeks to establish. Partially a successor to the secessionist Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, it was officially announced on October 31, 2007, by former President of Ichkeria Dokka Umarov, who became its first emir.