10.5 cm leFH 18/40

The 10.5 cm leFH 18/40 (German: leichte Feldhaubitze "light field howitzer") was a German light howitzer used in the Second World War.

Country Name Origin Year
Germany 1942
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Finland View
Germany 1942 1945 View
Romania View

The 10.5 cm leFH 18/40 supplemented the 10.5 cm leFH 18 and the 10.5 cm leFH 18M as the standard divisional field howitzer used during the Second World War. It was designed in an effort to lighten the weight of the 105 mm artillery piece and to make it easier to produce. Generally it did not equip independent artillery battalions until after the Battle of Stalingrad in 1943. Some were also exported to Finland, where they were known as 105 H 33-40.

The Romanian Army acquired a number of leFH 18/40 in 1943, to make up for the losses in artillery suffered during the Battle of Stalingrad.

Type Howitzer
Place of origin Nazi Germany
Service history
In service 1942–45
Used by  Nazi Germany
 Finland
 Romania
Wars World War II
Production history
Designed 1942
Produced 1942–45
Number built 10,265
Specifications
Weight 1,955 kg (4,311 lbs)
Length 2.94 m (9 ft 8 in)
Barrel length 2.71 m (8 ft 11 in)
Shell cased separate-loading (6 charges)
Caliber 105 mm (4.13 in)
Breech horizontal sliding block
Recoil hydropneumatic
Carriage split trail
Elevation -6° to +40°
Traverse 56°
Rate of fire 6-8 rpm
Muzzle velocity 540 m/s (1,772 ft/s)
Effective firing range 12,325 m (13,479 yds)

End notes