152 mm howitzer M1943 (D-1)

The D-1 howitzer M1943 (Russian: 152-mm gaubitsa obr. 1943 g. (D-1)) is a Soviet World War II-era 152.4 mm howitzer. The gun was developed by the design bureau headed by F. F. Petrov in 1942 and 1943, based on the carriage of the 122 mm howitzer M1938 (M-30) and using the barrel of the 152 mm howitzer M1938 (M-10). The powerful and mobile D-1, with its wide range of ammunition, significantly increased the firepower and breakthrough abilities of Red Army tank and motor rifle formations. Several hundred D-1s were manufactured before the end of World War II.

Post World War II, the D-1 saw combat in numerous conflicts during the mid- to late 20th century. The long operational history of D-1 howitzers in national armies of numerous countries is a testimony to its qualities; the gun still remains in service in a number of post-Soviet states and some other countries. The D-1 is widely considered a valuable element of Soviet artillery.

152 mm howitzer M1943 (D-1)
Class Vehicle
Type Towed Artillery
Manufacturer Uralmash
Production Period 1943 - 1949
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1943
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Russia (USSR) 1943 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Uralmash 1943 1949 2827 View

The D-1 was employed by corps artillery and the reserve of the main command units. In 1944, the rifle corps of the Red Army had one artillery regiment each. Those regiments consisted of five batteries (totaling 20 guns), equipped with the D-1 along with various other 152 mm howitzers, 122 mm gun M1931/37 (A-19), 152 mm howitzer-gun M1937 (ML-20) or 107 mm gun M1910/30. Reserve of the Main Command included howitzer regiments (48 pieces) and heavy howitzer brigades (32 pieces). Those could be merged to form artillery divisions.

The Red Army employed D-1 howitzers from 1944 onwards, during the final stages of World War II. The D-1 was used primarily used against personnel, fortifications and key structures in the enemy rear. The anti-concrete G-530 shell was also sometimes used against armored vehicles with good results. During its service the gun earned a reputation for being reliable and accurate. The D-1 was finally withdrawn from service in the mid-seventies.

After the war the gun was supplied to many countries around the globe, including former Warsaw Pact allies, such as Poland. As of the early 2000s it remains in service in Afghanistan, Albania, China, Cuba, Hungary, Iraq, Mozambique, Syria, Vietnam and other countries. The gun was employed in the Arab-Israeli Conflict and also in some conflicts in former republics of Soviet Union. The long operational history of D-1 howitzers in the national armies of numerous countries is an additional testimony to its qualities.

Surviving D-1 howitzers can be seen in various military museums and war memorials, e. g. in the Museum of Artillery and Engineering Forces, Saint Petersburg, Russia; in the Museum of Heroic Defense and Liberation of Sevastopol on Sapun Mountain, Sevastopol; in the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, Kiev, Ukraine; in Poznan Citadel, Poland and in Polatsk, Belarus, as a memorial piece.

Type Field howitzer
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1943 – present
Used by Countries of the formerWarsaw Pact and formerSoviet Union
Wars World War II, Arab-Israeli wars, Vietnam war
Production history
Designer F. F. Petrov
Designed 1943
Manufacturer No. 9 Plant
Produced 1943-1949
Number built 2827
Variants D-15, M1943/85
Weight 3,600 kg (7,937 lbs)
Length 6.7 m (22 ft)
Barrel length Bore: 3.117 m (10 ft 3 in) L/24.6
Overall: 4.207 m (13 ft 10 in)
Crew 8
Shell HE; 40 kg (88.2 lb)
Caliber 152.4 mm (6 in)
Breech Interrupted screw
Recoil Hydropneumatic
Carriage Split trail
Elevation -3° to 63.5°
Traverse ±17.5°
Rate of fire 3-4 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity 508 m/s (1,666 ft/s)
Maximum firing range 12.4 km (7.70 mi)

End notes