2S19 Msta

The 2S19 "Msta-S" is a self-propelled 152 mm howitzer designed by Russia/Soviet Union, which entered service in 1989 as the successor to the SO-152. The vehicle is based on the T-80 tank hull, but is powered by the T-72's diesel engine.


2S19 Msta
Class Vehicle
Type Self-Propelled artillery
Manufacturer Uraltransmash
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1989
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Ethiopia View
Georgia View
Morocco View
Russia (USSR) 1989 View
Ukraine View
Venezuela View
Azerbaijan View
Belarus View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Uraltransmash 1988 View

The Msta is a modern howitzer designed for deployment either as an unarmored towed gun, or to be fitted in armored self-propelled artillery mountings. Current production of the towed model is designated Msta-B, while the self-propelled model is the Msta-S (also known by the GRAU index 2S19).

Development of the 2S19 started in 1980 under the project name Ferma. The prototype was known as Ob'yekt 317. The 2S19's standard equipment consists of a semi-automatic laying system 1P22, an automatic loader, an NBC protection system, passive night vision device for the driver, a wading kit, a dozer blade, a smoke generator and 81mm smoke grenade launchers, 1V116 intercom system and a 16 kW generator AP-18D. In 2008 the Russian armed forces ordered an improved model with an automated fire control system.

The 2A64 ordnance of the 2S19 can fire the following types of ammunition, among others: HE (24.7 km), HEAT-FS, HE-BB (28.9 km), HERA (36 km), smoke, chemical, tactical nuclear, illumination and cargo (ICM).[original research?] The laser-guided round “Krasnopol” (of the 9K25 system) can also be launched, as well as the shorter "Krasnopol-M” which fits into the automatic loader.

Msta-S howitzers were used by Russian Army to deliver artillery strikes against Chechen separatists during the Second Chechen War.

Msta-S howitzers have also been used in the War in Donbass by the Ukrainian Army as well as pro-Russian rebels.

Type Self-propelled artillery
Place of origin Soviet Union/Russia
Service history
In service 1989 – present
Used by see Operators
Wars Second Chechen War
War in Donbass
Production history
Designer Uraltransmash
Designed 1980
Manufacturer Uraltransmash
Produced 1988
Specifications
Weight 42 tonnes (92,593 lbs)
Length 7.15 m (23 ft 5 in)
Width 3.38 m (11 ft 1 in)
Height 2.99 m (9 ft 10 in)
Crew 5
Elevation -4° to +68°
Traverse 360°
Rate of fire 6-8 rounds per minute
Maximum firing range Base bleed: 29km (18 mi)
RAP: 36 km (22 mi)
Armor Classified
Main
armament
152 mm howitzer 2A65
Secondary
armament
12.7 mm NSVT anti-aircraft machine gun
Engine Diesel V-84A
840 hp (626.39 kW)
Power/weight 20 hp/tonne
Suspension Torsion bar
Operational
range
500 km (311 mi)
Speed 60 km/h (37 mph)

End notes