Armata

The "Armata" Universal Combat Platform is a Russian prototype of an advanced next generation heavy military tracked vehicle platform. The Armata platform is the basis of the T-14, the T-15, a combat engineering vehicle, an armoured recovery vehicle, a heavy armoured personnel carrier, a tank support combat vehicle and several types of self-propelled artillery, including the 2S35 Koalitsiya-SV under the same codename based on the same chassis. It is also intended to serve as the basis for artillery, air defense, and NBC defense systems. The new "Armata" tank platform is meant to replace the older Russian MBTs and APCs that are currently used by the Russian military.

Variants
  • T-14: Main battle tank. Industrial designation "Object 148".
  • T-15: heavy IFV. Industrial designation "Object 149".
  • BM-2 (TOS-2): short range rocket artillery, similar to flamethrower system TOS-1 Buratino.
  • 2S35 Koalitsiya-SV: Self-propelled gun However, the 2S35's on display during the 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade and its rehearsals are not actually built on the Armata platform but rather a six-wheeled platform that appears to be a T-90 derived chassis.
  • BREM-T T-16: recovery vehicle
Armata
Class Vehicle
Type Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Manufacturer Uralvagonzavod
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 2015
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Russia (USSR) View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Uralvagonzavod 2015 20 View

The combat platform is formally designated as "prospective family of heavy unified battlefield platforms". The name "Armata" derives from the plural of the Latin word arma which refers to weapons of war, and was an old Russian word for 14th century guns. This was wrongly transcribed as "Armada" by journalists on several occasions.

The Armata combat platform has been under design and development since 2009 by Uralvagonzavod headquartered in Nizhny Tagil. Prototypes of heavy armored vehicles based on the Armata combat platform were presented at the defense exhibition Russian Arms Expo in Nizhny Tagil in September 2013. In November 2014 trials of the 2S35 Koalitsiya-SV self-propelled gun variant were under way.

The first 24 vehicles of two different types are expected to be shown to the public in the 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade with a batch of 32 to be delivered to the Russian Land Forces during the same year. Russian media has previously stated that mass delivery will start in 2015 or 2016.

A total of 2,300 MBTs are expected to be supplied by 2020, modernizing 70 percent of the Russian tank fleet. The Uralvagonzavod plant is expected to roll out around 500 T-14 Armata tanks per year. At a 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade practice drill run on the Alabino training grounds several types of armored vehicles described as various Armata models appeared with their turrets covered.

Russian Lieutenant-General Yuri Kovalenko states that the "Armata" combat platform will utilize many features of the T-95 tank, of which only a few prototypes have been built. In the main battle tank variant, the ammunition compartment will be separate from the crew, increasing operational safety while the engine will be more powerful and the armor, main gun and autoloader will be improved.

According to preliminary reports, the new tank designated T-14 will be less radical and ambitious than the canceled ‘Object 195’ or T-95. It will weigh less, therefore being more agile and more affordable when compared to its more ambitious predecessors. Additionally, the T-15, Kurganets-25 IFV and Bumerang IFV will be able to equip the same 30mm Epoch Remote Control Turret.

The tank will have an unmanned, remotely controlled turret. It will be digitally controlled by a crew-member located in a separate compartment. It is believed that this would eventually lead to the development of a fully robotic tank.

Vehicles of the Armata platform will be equipped with the radar and other technologies found on the Sukhoi T-50 fifth-generation jet fighter. They include a Ka band radar (26.5–40 GHz) based on AESA radar. The devices should be ready by 2015.

The Armata will use a new type of lightweight armor designated 44S-SV-SH, developed by Steel Scientific Research Institute enterprise. This armor does not lose its qualities when used in extremely low temperatures, which may indicate an interest in using the tank in Arctic conditions.

The Armata tank will have a remote weapon station turret and an automated control system, with the crew protected by an armored capsule. It will have an externally mounted 125 mm gun with 32 rounds of ammunition; in addition to tank rounds, a new laser-guided missile able to be fired from the main gun with a tandem Kornet-D (or better) anti-tank or anti low flying helicopters warhead with a range of 7,000–12,000 m (23,000–39,000 ft). The secondary armament will consist of a 30 mm cannon and a 12.7 mm machine gun.

Type Tracked Heavy Armored Vehicle
Place of origin Russia
Service history
Used by Russian Armed Forces
Production history
Designer Ural Design Bureau of Transport Machine-Building, Uralvagonzavod
Manufacturer Uralvagonzavod
Unit cost 400 million rubles (approx. €7.4 million)
Produced 2015
Number built 20
Specifications
Weight 48 tons in an MBT configuration
Crew 3
Armor steel 44S-sv-Sh (T14/15) Active protection system soft&hard measures,
dual-reactive armour "Malachit",the stealth and list is not exhaustive
Main
armament
T-14: 125mm smoothbore cannon,
T-15: Epoch 30 mm Remote Control Turret,
2S35: 152mm gun
Secondary
armament
T-14: 12.7 mm and 7.62 mm machine guns.
Engine ChTZ 12?360 (A-85-3A) diesel engine
1,500 h.p., moderated to 1,200 h.p. in normal operation
Transmission 8-speed automatic gearbox
Speed 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph)

End notes