Armoured Carrier Wheeled Indian Pattern

Armoured Carrier, Wheeled, Indian Pattern (ACV-IP), known also as Indian Pattern Carrier or other similar names, was an armoured car produced in India during World War II. Those produced by Tata Locomotives were called "Tatanagars" after the location of the works.

Variants

  • Mk I — initial version, based on Ford model 1940 truck chassis with motor in front, fitted with a Marmon-Herrington all wheel drive kit.
  • Mk II — Ford CO11QRF chassis (all wheel drive, motor in the rear, right hand drive).
  • Mk IIA — modified armoured hull.
  • Mk IIB — thicker armour.
  • Mk IIC — Ford C191QRF chassis, armoured roof and small turret for Bren MG.
  • Mk III — similar to Mk IIC, with slightly modified hull. 276 units built.
  • Mk IV — Ford C291QR chassis, open hull.
Country Name Origin Year
India 1940
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
India View

At the outbreak of World War II the United Kingdom was unable to meet the needs of the Commonwealth for armoured fighting vehicles. It led many Commonwealth countries to develop their own vehicles. As production of heavy armoured vehicles, such as tanks, required advanced industry which those countries lacked, most of the developed fighting vehicles were armoured cars, often based on imported chassis.

In India a series of armoured vehicles was developed, known as Armoured Carrier, Wheeled, Indian Pattern or ACV-IP. These vehicles utilized Ford / GMC CMP truck chassis imported from Canada. Armoured hulls were constructed mainly by the Indian Railways. The armament typically consisted of Bren light machine gun, in some variants mounted in a small turret, and Boys anti-tank rifle. The No. 19 radio set was carried. The vehicle was in production from 1940 until 1944, a total of 4,655 units were built.

The ACV-IP was used by Indian units in the Far East and Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre, typically in divisional reconnaissance regiments, as reconnaissance vehicle, personnel carrier, AA weapons carrier or Forward Observation Officer's vehicle.

Type Armoured car
Place of origin  British India
Production history
Number built 4655
Specifications
Weight 2,626 kg (2.585 long tons)
Length 4.72 m (15 ft 6 in)
Width 2.26 m (7 ft 5 in)
Height 1.98 m (6 ft 6 in)
Crew 3-4
Armour 14 mm
Main
armament
Boys anti-tank rifle and / or 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Bren light machine gun
Engine Ford V-8 petrol engine.
95 hp (71 kW)
Suspension 4 x 4 wheel, leaf spring
Operational
range
360 km (220 mi)
Speed 80 km/h (50 mph)

End notes