The BMP-3 is a Soviet amphibious infantry fighting vehicle, successor to the BMP-1 and BMP-2. The abbreviation BMP stands for Boevaya Mashina Pehoty.

Class Vehicle
Type Infantry Combat Vehicle
Manufacturer Kurganmashzavod
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1987
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Cyprus View
Indonesia View
Kuwait View
Libya View
Russia (USSR) 1987 View
South Korea View
Turkmenistan View
Ukraine View
United Arab Emirates View
Venezuela View
Azerbaijan View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Kurganmashzavod 2000 View

The design of the BMP-3 or Obyekt 688M can be traced back to the Obyekt 685 light tank prototype with 100 mm gun 2A48-1 from 1975. This vehicle did not enter series production, but the chassis, with a new engine, was used for the next-generation infantry combat vehicle Obyekt 688 from A. Blagonravov's design bureau. The Ob. 688 weapons configuration—an externally mounted 30 mm gun and twin Konkurs ATGM launcher—was rejected; instead the new 2K23 armament system was selected. The resulting BMP-3 was developed in the early 1980s and entered service with the Soviet Army officially in 1987. It was shown for the first time in public during the 1990 May Day parade and was given the NATO code IFV M1990/1.

The BMP-3 is designed and produced by the Kurganmashzavod ("Kurgan Machine Building Plant") some variants however are built by the Rubtsovsk Machine Building Plant (RMZ), for example the BRM-3K.

In May 2015, the Russian Defense Ministry signed a three-year contract to receive "hundreds" of BMP-3 vehicles to maintain its armored vehicle force until its replacement, the Kurganets-25, completes research and development. In the process of the BMP-s serial production, the vehicle's design underwent 1,500 amendments.

Type Infantry fighting vehicle
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1987–present
Used by See Operators
Wars First Chechen War
Production history
Manufacturer Kurganmashzavod
Number built 2,000+
Weight 18.7 tonnes (18.4 long tons; 20.6short tons)
Length 7.14 m (23 ft 5 in)
Width 3.2 m (10 ft 6 in)
Height 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in)
Crew 3 (commander, gunner, driver)
7 troopers (+ 2 additional seats)
Armor Aluminium alloy + steel, 35mm+ frontally, all around small arms fire protection
100 mm gun/launcher 2A70 (able to fire shells or the 9M117 BastionATGM), 30 mm autocannon 2A72
3×7.62 mm PKT machine guns
Engine UTD-29M diesel
500 hp (375 kW)
Power/weight 27 hp/tonne
Suspension torsion bar
600 km (370 mi)
Speed 72 km/h (45 mph) (road)
45 km/h (28 mph) (off-road)
10 km/h (6.2 mph) (water)

End notes