Canon de 65 M (montagne) modele 1906

The Canon de 65 M (montagne) modele 1906 or (65 mm mle. 1906) was a French mountain gun which entered service with the regiments d'artillerie de montagne in 1906 and was one of the first soft-recoil guns in service. The carriage of the mle 1906 was hinged and could be broken down into four mule loads for transport. By 1939, the weapon was generally used as an infantry support gun. After 1940, the Germans would use these as 6.5 cm GebK 221(f). The gun was also used by Albania, Greece, Israel (1948 Arab-Israeli War, as Napoleonchik) and Poland.

Canon de 65 M (montagne) modele 1906
Class Vehicle
Type Towed Artillery
Manufacturer Schneider-Creusot
Origin France
Country Name Origin Year
France 1906
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Albania View
France View
Germany View
Greece View
Israel View
Poland View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Schneider-Creusot View


During World War I the French Armée d’Orient used the mle 1906 against the forces of the Central Powers in the mountains of Macedonia. There were 72 mle 1906's in service on the Balkan Front during the allied breakout from the Salonica bridgehead on September 15–29, 1918. The initial success of this allied offensive led Bulgaria to capitulate on October 9, 1918, later in October 1918 Serbia was liberated and lastly Austria-Hungary capitulated in November 1918 when faced with invasion from allied forces from the south.


The Canon de 65 M (montagne) modele 1906 was used by the Israel Defense Forces in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and was nicknamed Napoleonchik by the Israelis due to its old look.

The first use of two of these cannons, lacking sights, was made in the Battle of Degania in northern Israel, which was also the first time the Israeli side employed field artillery. Subsequent uses were made in numerous major operations in the war, including Operation Bin Nun and Operation Pleshet.

Type Mountain artillery
Place of origin France
Service history
Used by  Albania
Wars World War I, World War II,Polish–Soviet War, Greco-Turkish War, 1948 Arab-Israeli War
Production history
Designer Colonel Ducrest
Manufacturer Schneider
Weight 400 kg (882 lbs)
Barrel length 1.3 m (4 ft 3 in)
Shell fixed 65x175R mm
Caliber 65 mm (2.5 in)
Recoil hydro spring
Carriage box trail
Elevation -9° to +35°
Rate of fire 18 rpm
Muzzle velocity 330 m/s (1,082 ft/s)
Effective firing range 6.5 km (4 mi)

End notes