Combat Vehicle 90

The Stridsfordon 90 (Strf 90) (Eng. Combat Vehicle 90 (CV90)) is a family of Swedish tracked combat vehicles designed by FMV, Hägglunds and Bofors during the mid-1980s and early 1990s. The Swedish version of the main infantry fighting vehicle is fitted with a turret from Bofors that is equipped with a 40 mm autocannon, although export versions use 30 mm and 35 mm autocannons. Developed specifically for the Nordic sub-arctic climate, it has very good mobility in snow and wetlands while carrying and supporting eight (later versions were reduced to six) fully equipped soldiers. Other variants include Forward Observation, Command and Control, Anti-air, Armoured Recovery, Electronic Warfare and so forth. It is still produced and being developed further by BAE Systems Hägglunds AB.

Combat Vehicle 90
Class Vehicle
Type Infantry Combat Vehicle
Manufacturer BAE Systems
Origin Sweden
Country Name Origin Year
Sweden 1993
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Denmark View
Estonia 2014 View
Finland View
Netherlands 2011 View
Sweden 1993 View
Switzerland View
Norway 2012 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
BAE Systems 1000 View

During the Cold War, in 1983, the Swedish Army desired vehicles with high mobility, air defence and anti-tank capability, high survivability and protection. The project group "Stridsfordon 90" was formed by representatives from Försvarmakten, Försvarets Materielverk and Swedish industry including Hägglunds and Bofors, which in 1985 finalize the draft for a "unity-vehicle" following the concept from the airforce. In 1986, the prototypes for Strf 9040 and Strf 9025 were ordered. Five prototypes were constructed, but before delivery in 1988, the 9025-version was discontinued. These prototypes were tested during extensive trials for three years between 1988 to 1991, during which the prototypes for specialized variants (FOV, C&C and ARV) were ordered. The first deliveries started in 1994, and as of 2002 over 1,000 CV90s have been delivered worldwide.

First use was by the Swedish UN-forces in Liberia 2004, where 13 Stridsfordon 9040C were deployed.

Since the production begun in 1993, the CV90 had remained untested in live combat until November 2007, when Norwegian Army CV90s from the 2nd Battalion saw heavy combat during Operation Harekate Yolo in Afghanistan. During the first week of November, Norwegian ISAF forces from the 2nd Battalion and Kystjegerkommandoen based in Mazar-e-Sharif, responded to a Taliban attack on Afghan National Army forces in the Ghowrmach district. Having been heavily outnumbered by the Taliban forces, the Norwegians used mortars and, in particular, CV90s, to effectively beat down the attack. The operation left an unknown number of Taliban casualties, but Norwegian news sources say as many as 45 to 65 Taliban fighters may have been killed, and many more wounded.

The CV90 was later used extensively by ISAF-forces of the Norwegian Army's Telemark Battalion in May 2008, when the battalion came under heavy machine gun and RPG fire from Taliban fighters during Operation Karez in the Badghis Province. The attack left 13 Taliban fighters dead, and unknown number of wounded. No allied casualties were reported. In January 2010, a Norwegian soldier driving a CV9030 was killed when it drove over an large IED in Ghowrmach, Afghanistan.

In February 2010, Denmark sent ten CV9035DK's to Afghanistan in order to bolster their contingent in Helmand Province. The Danish contingent had suffered numerous casualties since they began operations in the province in the autumn of 2006. The vehicles are from the Danish Royal Lifeguard Regiment, based in the Northern part of Seeland. They are working alongside MOWAG Piranha IIIC, MOWAG Eagle IV, M113 G3DK and Leopard 2A5DK vehicles, all contributed by Denmark, in the Helmand Province. By April 2010, two of the ten vehicles had been hit with IEDs, in both cases protecting the crew and passengers from personal injury. The vehicles lost two wheels and tracks, and were sent back to the manufacturer in Sweden for further investigation. On 7 August 2010, a CV9035DK hit an IED in Afghanistan, killing two soldiers and wounding another three. The explosion was so powerful that the vehicle was turned over.

As of the spring of 2011, Sweden operates nine Strf 9040Cs in Afghanistan. Swedish CV90s have seen combat with insurgents on dozens of occasions.

Type Infantry fighting vehicle
Place of origin Sweden
Service history
In service 1993–present
Used by See Operators
Wars War in Afghanistan
United Nations Mission in Liberia
Production history
Designer Hägglunds/Bofors
Manufacturer BAE Systems AB
Number built Over 1,000
Weight 23–35 tonnes (Mk0 to MkIII)
Length 6.55 m
Width 3.1 m
Height 2.7 m
Crew 3 (commander, gunner, driver)
8 troopers
40mm Bofors Autocannon,
30mm Bushmaster Cannon (export model MkI & MkII)
35mm/50 Bushmaster Cannon (export model MkIII)
7.62 mm Ksp m/39 machine gun
6× 76 mm grenade launchers
Engine Scania DSI 14 litres or DSI 16, V8 Diesel
550–810 hp (410–595 kW) 2,300 Nm
Power/weight 24.1 hp/tonne
Transmission Automatic
Suspension torsion bar
320 km
Speed 70 km/h

End notes