D-74 122 mm Field Gun

The 122mm D-74 towed gun is a Soviet built gun. Developed in the late 1950s it provided direct/indirect fire for the Soviet Army. Today it is in reserve units with the Russian Army.

It is in active service with the Sri Lankan Army, the Egyptian Army and the Pakistani Army.

Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1955
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Angola View
Ceylon (Sri Lanka) View
China View
Egypt View
Iran (Persia) View
Korea View
Pakistan View
Russia (USSR) View
Syria View
Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) View

122 mm (originally 48 lines) has been a Russian calibre since the early 20th century. After World War II the Soviet Union developed two new long range guns to replace existing 122 mm and 152 mm guns such as 122 mm gun M1931/37 (A-19), 122 mm gun Model 1931, 152 mm gun Model 1910/30 and 152 mm gun Model 1935 (BR-2). The two new guns were the 122 mm D-74 and the 130 mm M-46.

The D-74 design was probably initiated in the late 1940s and it was first seen in public in 1955. It was designed by the well established design bureau at Artillery Plant No 9 in Sverdlovsk (now Motovilikha Plants in Yekaterinburg), led by the eminent artillery designer Fëdor Fëdorovich Petrov (1902-1978) who was also responsible for several World War II and later artillery designs. The design team also developed the 152 mm gun howitzer D-20 at much the same time, and both D-74 and D-20 use the same carriage.

Both the 122 mm D-74 and 130 mm M-46 entered Soviet service, but the heavier shell and greater range of the M-46 meant that it outlasted the D-74.

Type Field gun
Place of origin  Soviet Union
Service history
Used by Various
Wars Vietnam War
Sino-Vietnamese War
Sino-Soviet border conflict
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Sino-Indian War
Yom Kippur War
Lebanese Civil War
South African Border War
Production history
Designed 1944
Produced 1955
Weight 5,620 kg (12,390 lbs)
Length 9.875 m (30 ft)
Barrel length 6.45 m (21 ft 2 in)
Width 2.35 m (7 ft 9 in)
Crew 7~9
Caliber 122 mm (4.8 in)
Breech Horizontal sliding wedge
Carriage same as D-20 152 mm Gun-Howitzer
Elevation +45/-5 degree
Traverse 45 degree
Rate of fire Maximum: 8-10 rpm
Muzzle velocity 885 m/s (2,907 ft/s)
Effective firing range Indirect: 23.9km (15 mi)
Direct: 1,080 m (1,181 yds)
Maximum firing range 24 km (15 mi)

End notes