EE-11 Urutu

The EE-11 Urutu is a combat proven 6x6 armored personnel carrier developed by Engesa of Brazil. It shares many components with the EE-9 Cascavel armoured fighting vehicle. The suspension includes Engesa's Boomerang double-axle rear drive. The Brazilian Marine Corps use a modified amphibious variant with propellers and a more powerful engine.

EE-11 Urutu has seen combat in Iraq and Libya.

It was used by the Brazilian Army in the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti.

Urutu production stopped in 1987; since then, all units still in use by the Brazilian Army have been modernized and upgraded by the Army's São Paulo War Arsenal branch as a stopgap until the arrival of the newly designed VBTP-MR in 2012.


EE-11 Urutu
Class Vehicle
Type Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Manufacturer Engesa
Production Period 1973 - 1987
Origin Brazil
Country Name Origin Year
Brazil 1974
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Chad 1978 1987 View
Colombia 1964 View
Iran (Persia) 1980 1988 View
Iraq 1990 1991 View
Kuwait 1990 1990 View
Libya 2011 2011 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Engesa 1973 1987 View

The new engine used in the upgrade of Urutu generates 230 hp, an improvement over the 158 hp of the old version.

  • The prototype reached a top speed of 110 km/h on good terrain and proved capable of reaching 80 km/h on off-road conditions.
  • The range is 950 kilometers. Before the upgrade, it was 750 kilometers.

The EE-11 is used to transport troops, on land as well over bodies of water, due to its amphibious capability. These qualities justified their acquisitions and were largely accepted by the armed forces of several Latin American countries.

Because of these proven qualities, the Brazilian Army has chosen to take 226 Urutus and more than 600 Cascavels out of storage. With the older engines being quite outdated, some with manual gearbox while others are with automatic transmission, a gap in the technology exists and so has led to a major overhaul being made. The upgraded military vehicles will operate for at least another 15 years.

Variants

  • Mortar Carrier: Carries an 81 mm mortar, for motorised fire support. Transports the mortar crew (four).
  • Infantry Fighting Vehicle: With a turret for 25 mm cannon and an anti-tank missile launcher tube.
  • Fire support: Equipped with the 90 mm cannon of the EE-9 Cascavel.
  • Anti-aircraft: Version equipped with a turret for a 20 mm or 25 mm cannon.
  • Recovery Vehicle: Usually unarmed version, includes a hydraulic crane and equipment maintenance and wrecking of vehicles on the battlefield.
  • Anti-riot: Version equipped with an anti-plank fence and smoke launchers.
  • Ambulance: Equipped with four stretchers and medical equipment to provide emergency medical care.
  • Command Vehicle: Designed as Command-Vehicle of large units and sub-operating units. Allows the monitoring of the battlefield by the operational commanders. It takes in two tables attached latrine and places for files, documents and maps, and communications equipment.

Users

  • Angola (24)
  • Bolivia (24)
  • Brazil (723) - is being replaced by the VBTP-MR Guarani in 2020
  • Chile (37) - All sold
  • Colombia (56) - being re-serviced. To be gradually replaced by LAV III.
  • Ecuador (32)
  • Gabon (11)
  • Guyana
  • Iraq (148)
  • Iran
  • Libya (40)
  • Paraguay (12)
  • Saudi Arabia (20)
  • Suriname (16) - refurbished by Brazil.
  • Tunisia (18)
  • United Arab Emirates (132)
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela (38)
  • Zimbabwe 

Combat history

  • Colombian civil war (1964–present) (Colombia)
  • Chadian–Libyan conflict (Libya)
  • Iran–Iraq War (Iraq)
  • Invasion of Kuwait (Iraq)
  • Gulf War (Iraq)
  • United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (Brazil-UN)
  • 2011 Libyan civil war (Pro-Gaddafi forces and Anti-Gaddafi forces)

Specifications
Weight 11,000 kg empty, 14,000 kg combat
Length 6.15 meters
Width 2.65 meters
Height 2.125 meters
Crew 1+12
Armor 6-12 mm 2 layer steel plating
Engine Detroit Diesel 6V-53T 6-cylinder water-cooled diesel, 260 hp
Suspension 6x6 Engesa Double Axle Boomerand Drive
Operational range 850 km
Speed 105 km/h

End notes