EE-9 Cascavel

The EE-9 Cascavel is a six-wheeled Brazilian armoured car developed primarily for reconnaissance. It was engineered by Engesa in 1970 as a replacement for the Brazil's ageing fleet of M8 Greyhounds. The vehicle was first fitted with the Greyhound's 37mm main gun and subsequently with a French turret adopted from the Panhard AML-90. Later models carry unique Engesa turrets with a Belgian 90mm Cockerill Mk.3 cannon produced under licence.

The Cascavel shares many components with the EE-11 Urutu, its armoured personnel carrier counterpart; both entered production in 1974 and are now operated by over 20 nations in South America, Africa, and the Middle East. Rights to the design were also sold to the American FMC Corporation.

About 2,767 Cascavels and Urutus were manufactured before Engesa declared bankruptcy in 1993.

EE-9 Cascavel
Class Vehicle
Type Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Manufacturer Engesa
Origin Brazil
Country Name Origin Year
Brazil 1970
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Chad 1978 1987 View
Colombia 1964 View
Iran (Persia) 1980 1988 View
Iraq 1990 1991 View
Libya 2011 2011 View
Democratic Republic of the Congo 1998 2003 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Engesa 1970 View


Cascavel I "Magro" on display at Museu Militar Conde de Linhares in Rio de Janeiro

Cascavel I: Known as "Cascavel Magro" (Thin Rattlesnake). Initial vehicles are armed with the 37 mm gun from the old M3 light tanks.

Cascavel II: Known as "Cascavel Gordo" (Fat Rattlesnake). Turret ring widened so it could use the French H 90 turret with a 90 mm DEFA D 921 gun for export.

Cascavel III: Equipped with an Engesa turret mounting a 90 mm Belgian Cockerill Mk 3 gun produced under licence.

Cascavel IV: New engine and transmission, improved day and night optics with laser rangefinder, and a 12.7 mm antiaircraft MG.The EE-9 Cascavel was developed in Brazil by Engesa, S. José dos Campos (São Paulo), according to specifications of the Brazilian army. The EE-9 was designed as a replacement to the M8 Greyhound.

The EE-9 was a huge export success, being sold to numerous countries in South America and the Middle East. Most of these vehicles were manufactured in 1983.

The EE-9 is still in service in several countries and currently the Brazilian Army is running a modernisation program for the EE-9 and the EE-11, enabling them to remain in service until at least 2020.

Type Armoured car
Place of origin Brazil
Service history
Wars Colombian civil war
Chadian–Libyan conflict
Iran–Iraq War
Gulf War
Second Congo War
Libyan Civil War
Production history
Manufacturer Engesa

Weight 10,900 kg empty, 13,400 kg combat
Length 5.2 m hull, 6.2 m overall
Width 2.64 m
Height 2.68 m
Crew 3
Armor 6–12 mm two-layer steel plating
Main armament 1 × 90 mm cannon
Secondary armament 1 × 7.62 mm MG (coaxial), 1 × 7.62 mm or 12.7 mm (AA)
Engine Detroit Diesel 6V-53N, 6-cylinder water-cooled diesel, 212 hp
Suspension 6×6 Engesa Double Axle Boomerand Drive
Operational range 880 km
Speed 100 km/h

End notes