Fahd (armored personnel carrier)

The Fahd is a 4x4 Egyptian armored personnel carrier, designed to fit the requirements of the Egyptian Military. It replaced older APCs in Egyptian service such as the BTR-40, and the Walid (called Waleed in Egypt). It has been used by eight nations including Egypt, besides being used by the United Nations.

The flexible design of the vehicle, its high speed, maneuverability and long range, on road and off road, makes it possible to produce various versions to satisfy various military and security purposes. Variants include the Fahd 240/280 APC, Fahd 280-30 IFV, a command post vehicle, ambulance vehicle, light armored recovery vehicle, and can be used for anti-riot purposes, mine laying and mine dispensing purposes, making it possible to form independent units capable of dealing with different threats of armor, low-flying targets, and personnel, with common repair duties, and operation. The Fahd consists of a Mercedes-Benz LAP 1117/32 truck (4 × 4) chassis fitted with an armored body. It has a usual APC configuration of placing the driver and the commander on the front, and a large box-like shape, similar to the German Fuchs.


Fahd (armored personnel carrier)
Class Vehicle
Type Infantry Combat Vehicle
Manufacturer Arab Organization for Industrialization
Origin Egypt
Country Name Origin Year
Egypt 1985
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Algeria View
Bangladesh View
Egypt 1986 View
Iran (Persia) View
Kuwait View
Oman (Muscat) View
Sudan View
Democratic Republic of the Congo View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Kader Factory for Developed Industries 1985 View
Arab Organization for Industrialization 1985 520 View

The hull of the Fahd is of all-welded steel armor construction giving complete protection against attack by 7.62 mm caliber AP rounds and shell splinters. The vehicle is equipped with air conditioning. The driver sits at the front of the vehicle on the left side with the commander to the right. Both have forward observation via large bulletproof windows, which can be rapidly covered by an armored shutter hinged at the top, and a side door that opens to the front, featuring a window in its upper part that can also be covered by a shutter as well. Above the commander's position is a single-piece, rear-opening hatch cover. The driver has a forward-facing, roof-mounted day periscope, which can be replaced by a passive periscope for night driving. The troop compartment is at the rear of the hull with the infantry entering via a door in the rear, the upper part of which folds upwards and the lower part downwards to form a step. Over the top of the troop compartment are two rectangular roof hatches hinged in the center that can be locked vertically. The infantry sits on individual bucket seats down the center of the vehicle facing outwards. In either side of the troop compartment are four firing ports with a vision block above so that the troops can fire their weapons from within the vehicle. Either side of the rear door has a firing port with a vision block above. Optional equipment may be fitted on the vehicle, such as an NBC protection system and passive IR among others.

Armament

Up to three weapons may be fitted on to the roof of the Fahd, one on each side of the roof hatches and one to the rear. The armament usually consists of three PK machine guns, each with 1,500 7.62 mm rounds, but other 7.62 mm machine guns can be fitted on the vehicle, such as the FN MAG.

Maneuverability

The Fahd APC has a top speed of 100 km/h (62 mph) on-road with a range of 700 km. It has average speed of 65 km/h (40 mph) off-road with a range of 450 km. The engine is a Mercedes Benz Diesel OM 366 LA 4-Stroke turbocharged water-cooled diesel engine, capable of providing 280 hp at 2,200 rpm. The vehicle is able to negotiate slopes up to 80%, and side slopes up to 30%, trenches with a width of up to 0.8 m, and vertical obstacle with a maximum height of 0.5 m, and it has a steering radius of 8 m.

Comparison with contemporary vehicles

The Fahd APC is relatively lighter, smaller, and better armed than other modern wheeled APCs and IFVs such as the BTR-90 which weighs 20.9 tons, about twice the weight of the Fahd, yet provides similar protection, and armament. A LAV-25 costs 900,000 US dollars, and carries less passengers.

Egypt

The vehicle was originally designed to fit Egyptian requirements by Rheinmetall Landsysteme (then Thyssen-Henschel, part of Rheinmetall DeTech) under the designation TH 390. The first prototypes of the vehicle were built in Germany for Egypt. Production was undertaken by the Kader Factory for Developed Industries, part of the Arab Organization for Industrialization. The production commenced in 1985. The first vehicles have been completed in 1986 to enter service with the Egyptian Army. The Egyptian Army is believed to have placed an initial order for 300 vehicles with an option of further 110. Egypt uses the Fahd for border patrolling, where these vehicles are equipped with extra periscopes, and night vision equipments. The Fahd is also used by the Egyptian police and the central security forces; these vehicles are usually the Anti-riot version or the standard APC variant provided with a box-type shield around the commander's hatch. The vehicle has been used by Egyptian forces in peace keeping missions, and have served with SFOR in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The military, and paramilitary users of the Fahd in Egypt are:

  • Egyptian Army
  • Central Security Forces

Kuwait

Egypt sold Kuwait 110 vehicles. Kuwait has been reported to operate about 100 units in 1988, where most of the vehicles were captured and/or destroyed by the Iraqi forces. Currently, Kuwait has 60 vehicles, where some more vehicles were received in 1994. A report of the secretary general of the United Nations Security Council shows that most of the units that were captured by Iraq were returned to Kuwait as part of the return of property seized by Iraq hand over operations that have taken place from the second of March 1994 to 15 October 1996. A total of forty vehicles have been returned on three phases. See the table above for details. Not all of the vehicles are in active service with the Kuwaiti Army currently.

Type Armored personnel carrier
Place of origin Egypt
Service history
In service 1986-present
Used by See below
Production history
Designer Thyssen Henschel (today Rheinmetall Landsysteme and part of Rheinmetall Defence)
Manufacturer Kader Factory for Developed Industries, Arab Organization for Industrialization
Produced 1985
Number built Over 1,907 (all variants , most users)
Variants Mainly Fahd 240, and Fahd 280-30. See text for extended list.
Specifications
Weight 10.9 - 12.5 tons (depending on the variant)
Length 6 meters
Width 2.45 meters
Height 2.25 meters (without towers)
Crew 2 + 10 passengers (Fahd-240), 3 + 7 passengers (Fahd-280-30)
Armor Welded steel.
Main
armament
30 mm automatic cannon 2A42
AT-5 Spandrel or AT-4 SpigotATGM (Fahd-280-30)
Secondary
armament
1-3 7.62 mm machine guns
Engine Mercedes Benz Diesel OM 366 LA 4-Stroke turbo-charged water-cooled diesel engine
275 hp at 2,300 rpm
Suspension 4 x 4
Ground clearance 37 cm
Fuel capacity 280 liters
Operational
range
700 km (on road)
450 km (cross country)
Speed 100 km/h (on road)
60 km/h (cross country)

End notes