The Golan Wheeled Armored Vehicle is a prototype Israeli infantry mobility vehicle made by the Israeli Rafael Advanced Defense Systems jointly with the American Protected Vehicles Incorporated. Protected Vehicles, Inc has faced lawsuits over founder Garth Barret's departure from Force Protection Inc (who makes the Cougar and Buffalo) and claims that he stole confidential information.
The mission of the Golan is to provide maximum protection to its passengers and crew. The Golan platform may be adapted to serve as an armored personnel carrier, command vehicle, ambulance or intelligence collection vehicle. In the personnel carrier role, it has capacity of up to 10 soldiers.
The V shaped hull and vehicle body has been specifically designed to withstand mines and IED blasts. It is configurable to carry different levels of armor, from light passive armor to heavy reactive armor that can deflect RPGs. When equipped with reactive armor, the vehicle is the only MRAP vehicle able to defeat Explosively Formed Penetrators, the deadliest type of IED.
The US Marine Corps has placed an order for 60 vehicles to be fielded in Iraq as Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Category 2 vehicles. It was being considered for large purchases both in the American and Israeli armed forces. The Golan was eliminated from the Marine Corps competition, and most of the vehicles will leave Marine service.