M16 Multiple Gun Motor Carriage

The M16 Multiple Gun Motor Carriage, also known as the M16 Half-track, was an American self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon built during World War II. Based on an M3 half-track chassis, it replaced the M14 MGMC half-track after 1943, and went on to serve during the Korean War.

Nicknamed the "Meat Chopper", the M16 was famous for downing low-flying aircraft, making it extremely popular with soldiers. It was used by the United States Army, the British Commonwealth, and South Korea.

M16 Multiple Gun Motor Carriage
Class Vehicle
Type Self-Propelled artillery
Manufacturer White Motor Company
Production Period 1942 - 1944
Origin United States of America
Country Name Origin Year
United States of America 1942
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
United States of America 1943 1953 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
White Motor Company 1942 1944 5700 View

The M16 was an improvement on the twin .50 caliber M2 Browning heavy machine gun equipped M13 MGMC and M14 MGMC, built on an M3 and M5 half-track chassis respectively. Their Maxson M33 turret the was replaced by the four Browning M45 Quadmount. Further production of the M13 and M14 was stopped in favor of production of the M16 and M17.

popular with troops. In addition to its anti-aircraft role, the M16 was used in an infantry support role, frequently accompanied by the M15 Half-track. The M16 was similar to the M5-based M17 MGMC and related models of the German SdKfz 251 half-track.

The M16 saw service with U.S. forces in the Italian Campaign, and Operation Overlord, the Battle of Arracourt, and the Ardennes Offensive in northern Europe. The vehicle was also used widely in the Korean War by the South Korean army, the United States Marine Corps, and the U.S. Army.

Place of origin United States
Service history
In service 1943–1953
Wars World War II, Korean War
Production history
Designer White Motor Company
Designed 1940–1942
Manufacturer White Motor Company
Produced 1942–1944
Number built ~5,700 (including ones that were converted from the M13 and T10)
Specifications
Weight 9.4 t (21,000 lb)
Length 6.18 m (20 ft 3 in)
Width 2.23 m (7 ft 4 in)
Height 2.22 m (7 ft 3 in)
Crew 3
Main
armament
4x M2 Browning machine gun
Engine White 160AX, 386 in3 (6,330 cc) 6 cylinder, petrol, compression ratio6:3:1,
147 hp (110 kW)
Power/weight 15.8 hp/tonne
Suspension vertical volute springs; front tread 64.5 in (1,640 mm) to 66.5 in (1,690 mm)
Fuel capacity 60 US gal (230 l)
Operational
range
175 mi (282 km)
Speed 45 mph (72 km/h)

End notes