MAP75

The MAP75 Armoured Personnel Carrier (aka MAP ‘seven five’) is a Rhodesian 4x4 heavy troop-carrying vehicle (TCV) first introduced in 1978 based on a Mercedes-Benz truck chassis.

MAP75
Class Vehicle
Type Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Manufacturer Mercedes-Benz
Origin Zimbabwe (Rhodesia)
Country Name Origin Year
Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) 1978
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Mercedes-Benz View

The MAP75 consists of an all-welded body with a fully enclosed troop compartment built on a modified Mercedes-Benz 7.5 ton Series LA1113/42 truck chassis. Adapted from the Crocodile Armoured Personnel Carrier, the open-topped hull or ‘capsule’ is faceted at the sides, which were designed to deflect small-arms’ rounds, and a flat deck reinforced by a v-shaped ‘crush box’ meant to deflect landmine blasts. Three inverted U-shaped ‘roll bars’ shorter than those on the Crocodile were fitted to protect the fighting compartment from being crushed in case the vehicle turned and roll over after a mine detonation. However, the reduced height of the ‘roll bars’ often hampered the crew’s movements inside the vehicle, though the problem was rectified only in the post-war Zimbabwean versions by fitting higher bars. Access to the vehicle’s interior is made by means of two medium-sized doors at the vertical hull rear whilst two square hatches placed low at the hull sides allowed for rapid debussing, an innovation that reflected the vehicle’s combat offensive role.

Rhodesian MAP75s were usually armed with a FN MAG-58 7.62mm Light Machine Gun (LMG), sometimes installed on a locally-produced one-man MG armoured turret to protect the gunner. Vehicles assigned to convoy escorting duties (‘E-type’) had a Browning M1919A4 7.62mm heavy machine gun mounted on an open-topped, cylinder-shaped turret (dubbed ‘the dustbin’). Twin Browning MG pintle mounts placed behind the driver’s compartment were often added on ‘Seven fives’ employed for ‘externals’. The Zimbabwean vehicles after 1980 sported pintle-mounted Soviet-made 12.7mm and 14.5mm Heavy Machine Guns (HMG) instead.

After independence, the MAP75 entered service with the Zimbabwe National Army (ZNA) in early 1980 and equipped both the 1st and 2nd Battalions, Rhodesian African Rifles (RAR), which participated in the large military exercises conducted at Somabula Plain, Matabeleland that same year. ZNA's 'Seven Fives' were thrown into action in November 1980 against ZIPRA troops at the battle of Entumbane (near Bulawayo, Matabeleland), and later again after February 1982 by helping to put down the super-ZAPU insurgency in Matabeleland. 'Seven Fives' were also employed by the ZNA forces in Mozambique guarding the Mutare-Beira oil pipeline in 1982-1993 from MNR (later Renamo) guerrilla attacks.

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