The OT-64 SKOT (Czech acronym for: Strední Kolový Obrnený Transportér, and/or Polish Sredni Kolowy Opancerzony Transporter – medium wheeled armoured transporter) is an amphibious armored personnel carrier (8x8), developed jointly by Poland and Czechoslovakia (CSSR) well into the 1960s.

Class Vehicle
Type Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Manufacturer FSC Lublin Automotive Factory
Origin Poland
Country Name Origin Year
Poland 1963
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Algeria 1993 View
Angola 1994 View
Cambodia (Kampuchea) 1994 View
Ceylon (Sri Lanka) View
Czechoslovakia 1963 View
Egypt 1969 View
Hungary View
India 1969 View
Libya 1973 View
Morocco 1968 View
Nepal 2008 View
Pakistan 1993 View
Poland 1963 View
Sierra Leone 1993 View
Sudan 1970 View
Syria 1979 View
Uganda 1968 View
Uruguay 1995 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
FSC Lublin Automotive Factory 1963 View

OT-64 was intended to replace the halftrack OT-810, which was nearly identical to the German SdKfz 251 from World War II. The first prototype was built in 1959. In 1961 the first sample series were built and starting from October 1963 the vehicles were produced in Lublin, Poland by Fabryka Samochodów Ciezarowych. Czechoslovakia supplied the driveline components, i.e. the engine, transmission and axles.

The first production vehicles were delivered in 1964 to both the Polish Army and Czechoslovak Army and many are still in use today. Both Polish and Czech units are gradually replaced by newer vehicles. Czech units are scheduled to be replaced between 2007 and 2012.

The OT-64's engine, transmission, suspension and axles were produced in Czechoslovakia. The engine was produced by Tatra and the semiautomatic transmission (shift now, transfer gear by pushing clutch later) by Praga. The armored hull and weapons were produced in Poland.

The OT-64 was the answer to the Soviet BTR-60. Contrary to this the OT-64 used a diesel set in place of a petrol engine. That diminished the danger of fire and at the same time increased the range. The main advantage in relation to the Russian counterpart was the full-armored interior. The entrance is at the rear of the vehicle via twin doors. The OT-64 was air-transportable and amphibious. For the amphibious drive the vehicle used two propellers installed at the back. The OT-64 had an NBC protection facility and night-vision equipment. It also has central inflation for all wheels which can be controlled by driver during a drive.

Several variants were built. Some OT-64 were re-equipped for air defense or built as tank hunters. The latter used the AT-3 Sagger missile as a weapon.

OT-64 SKOT entered service with Polish and Czechoslovak armies in 1963.It was produced until the early 1970s. It still is in service with Poland, Czech Republic and Slovakia. OT-64 SKOT was also exported to eleven different countries (Algeria, Cambodia, India, Iraq, Libya, Morocco, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Syria, Uganda and Uruguay). A total number of vehicles produced for the Polish Army, the Czechoslovak Army and for export is 4,500.

Type Wheeled Amphibious Armored Personnel Carrier
Place of origin Czechoslovakia,
Service history
In service 1963 - present
Used by See Operators
Wars See Service History
Production history
Designed 1959
Manufacturer Fabryka Samochodów Ciezarowych (FSC) (Poland)
Produced 1963 - early 1970s
Number built 4500
Variants See Variants
Weight 14.5 t
Length 7.44 m
Width 2.55 m
Height 2.71 m
Crew 2 + 18 passengers
2 + 10 passengers (OT-64A and SKOT-2A)
Armor 6-13 mm
7.62 mm PKT machine gun and 14.5 mm KPV machine gun.
Engine air-cooled Tatra T-928-14 V-8 diesel
180 hp
Power/weight 12.4 hp/tonne
Suspension 8x8
710 km
Speed 94 km/h

End notes