Type 14 10 cm AA gun

The Type 14 10 cm AA gun was an anti-aircraft gun used by the Imperial Japanese Army after World War I. The Type 14 number was designated for the year the gun was accepted,the 14th year of Emperor Taishō's reign, 1929 in the Gregorian calendar. Only a small number were produced, and it was superseded by the Type 88 75 mm AA gun in production before the start of World War II.

Country Name Origin Year
Japan 1925
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Japan 1925 1945 View

Due to combat experience at the Battle of Tsingtao against the German Luftstreitkrafte’s fledgling squadron of combat aircraft, planners on the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff quickly realized that this new technology posed a threat which required countermeasures. This evaluation was further reinforced by reports from military observers on the European front in World War I.

After the introduction of the Type 11 75 mm AA gun into front-line combat service, the Imperial Japanese Army quickly realized that it was underpowered and lacked the range necessary for civil defense of Japanese cities from enemy air raids. A larger version, designated the Type 14 10 cm AA gun was placed into production in 1925. However, it was expensive to produce and lacked accuracy. Only 70 units were completed before production was terminated.

All of the Type 14 10 cm AA guns were assigned to the IJA 4th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Division, based in Kyushu during the Pacific War. Some units were based in Kyushu cities for defense against American air raids, but most were based at the Yawata Steel Works in Kitakyushu city.

Type Anti-aircraft gun
Place of origin  Empire of Japan
Service history
In service 1925-1945
Used by Imperial Japanese Army
Wars Second Sino-Japanese War
World War II
Production history
Designed 1925
Number built 70
Specifications
Weight 5.194 ton
Barrel length 4.2 m (13 ft 9 in) L/40
Caliber 100 mm (3.9 in)
Barrels single
Breech sliding
Recoil hydropneumatic
Elevation 0° to +85°
Traverse 360°
Muzzle velocity 700 m/s (2,300 ft/s)
Effective firing range 10,500 m (34,400 ft)
Maximum firing range 16,500 m (54,100 ft)

End notes