Vickers Model 1931

The Vickers Model 1931 was a British anti-aircraft gun used during the Second World War. The design was rejected by the British and Vickers exported the gun world-wide during the 1930s. Romania bought a license for 100 in 1936, although hundred more were built during the war. Denmark also bought a license. Belgium, the Netherlands, Lithuania, Turkey and China bought numbers of guns directly from Vickers. Finland bought a dozen to help reduce balance of payment problems with the British in 1936. The Finnish guns were chambered in their standard 76.2 millimetres (3.00 in) caliber. Those weapons captured after the German conquest of Europe were taken into Wehrmacht service as the 7.5 cm Flak M 35(h) or 7.5 cm Flak (d). Similarly the Soviet Union used those guns it captured from Lithuania. Supposedly it saw limited British service with Home Defense "barrage units" 1940—43.

The cruciform carriage had two pneumatic or solid rubber wheels that were removable. Two legs locked together for transport and the barrel was secured to them. The other two legs folded in half and were elevated almost vertically into the air (see the Romanian reference to see exactly how it looked).

Vickers Model 1931
Class Vehicle
Type Towed Artillery
Manufacturer Vickers Limited
Production Period 1931 - 1939
Origin United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain)
Country Name Origin Year
United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain) 1937
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Belgium View
Denmark View
Finland View
Germany View
Lithuania View
Netherlands View
Romania View
Russia (USSR) View
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) View
United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain) 1937 1950 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Vickers Limited 1931 1939 View

Type Anti-aircraft gun
Place of origin  United Kingdom
Service history
In service 1937-1950?
Used by  United Kingdom
 Nazi Germany
 Netherlands
 Finland
 Lithuania
 Belgium
 Denmark
 Soviet Union
 Romania
 Turkey
Wars World War II
Production history
Designer Vickers
Manufacturer Vickers
Produced 1931-39?
Specifications
Weight 2,825 kilograms (6,228 lb)
Barrel length 3.225 metres (10 ft 7 in) L/43
Shell weight 6.5 kilograms (14 lb) (HE)
Caliber 75 millimetres (3.0 in)
Carriage cruciform
Elevation 0° to +90°
Traverse 360°
Rate of fire 12 rpm
Muzzle velocity 750 metres per second (2,500 ft/s)
Effective firing range 5,000 m (16,400 ft) slant range
Maximum firing range 10,000 metres (32,800 ft) vertical ceiling

End notes