Type 86

The WZ 501 (YW 501) or Type 86 is a tracked armoured infantry fighting vehicle designed and manufactured by the Chinese Defense Company Norinco. The WZ 501 is based on the Russian-made BMP-1 armoured infantry fighting vehicle, the only major differences being slight reductions in weight and maximum road speed. The WZ 501 was seen for the first time during a military parade in Beijing late in 1999. It was estimated that the PLA maintains roughly 1,000 examples of the Type 86 IFV in operation. Most of these vehicles are deployed by armour units stationed in Northern China. The PLA Marine Corps in the southern Guangdong Province is also equipped with the amphibious variant Type 86B. The WZS 501 was also exported to Myanmar, Iran, Iraq and Sri Lanka.


Type 86
Class Vehicle
Type Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Manufacturer Norinco
Origin China
Country Name Origin Year
China 1987
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
China View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Norinco 1987 201 View
GENERAL INFORMATION
DesignationsType 86 (YW501, WZ501)
Manufacturer(s)China North Industries Corp. (NORINCO)
StatusIn service with China.
Production Periodcirca 1987Production Quantity200+ (1)
TypeAPC (T)Crew3 (C-G-D) + 8
Length, overall6.7mLength, hull6.7m
Width, overall3.0mHeight, overall2.2m
Combat Weight13300kgUnloaded Weight12100kg
Radio, externalA-220ACommunication, crewA-221A intercom
FIREPOWER
Main Armament73mm low-pressure gunAmmunition Carried40x73mm
Gun Traverse360°Elevation/Depression+30°/-3°
Traverse Raten/aElevation Raten/a
Gun StabilizationnoneRangefindern/a
Night VisionyesAuto-Loaderno
Secondary Armament7.62mm MG (coxial); ATGW launcherAmmunition Carried2000x7.62mm; 4xATGW Red Arrow

MOBILITY CHARACTERISTICS
EngineType 6V-140 water-cooled dieselTransmissionmanual
Horsepower293hp at 2600rpmSuspensionn/a
Power/Weight Ratio22hp/tTrack Width300mm
Speed, on road65 km/hTrack Ground Contact3.57m
Fuel Capacity460 lGround Pressure0.62kg/cm2
Range, on road510kmGradient60%
Fuel Consumptionn/aVertical Obstacle0.8m
Turning Radiusn/aTrench Crossing2.0m
Ground Clearance0.30mFordingamphibious (2)
SURVIVABILITY FEATURES
Smoke Layingengine exhaustNBC Protectionyes
Armor DetailsArmor only provides protection against small arms fire.
TECHNICAL DRAWINGS AND OTHER IMAGES
NOTES
(1) Production ended after several hundred vehicles were completed.
(2) Maximum speed of 8km/h and range of 100km on water.
REFERENCES
JAA03, CDT.
RELATED VEHICLES

End notes