Tank Type 62

When the Type 59 main battle tank was being developed it became apparent that because of high weight of the tank it would have difficulties operating in areas of southern China. These areas mostly consist of mountain ranges, hills, rice paddy fields, lakes and multiple rivers which many times are without a bridge or with bridges which couldn't withstand the weight of the Type 59 tank. Therefore, in the late 1950s the PLA Ground Force submitted requirements for a light tank which could be successfully deployed in the areas of southern China. The development of the Type 62 light tank began at Factory 674 (Harbin First Machinery Building Group Ltd) in 1958. Construction of the first Type 62 light tank prototype, Type 59-16, began in 1960 and ended in 1962. The tank officially entered production and service with the PLA in 1963.

Based on experience gathered during the Sino-Vietnamese War an update for Type 62 was designed, consisting 33 different improvements and was designated Type 62-I.

After an unsuccessful attempt at fitting the Type 62 light tank with the turret from the Type 63A amphibious light tank a new turret was designed and fitted on the Type 62. This new variant was designated Type 62G.

Tank Type 62
Class Vehicle
Type Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Manufacturer Harbin First Machinery Building Group Ltd
Production Period 1963 - 1989
Origin China
Country Name Origin Year
China 1963
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
China 1963 2013 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Harbin First Machinery Building Group Ltd 1963 1989 1499 View

When the Type 59 main battle tank was being developed it became apparent that because of high weight of the tank it would have difficulties operating in areas of southern China. These areas mostly consist of mountain ranges, hills, rice paddy fields, lakes and multiple rivers which many times are without a bridge or with bridges which couldn't withstand the weight of the Type 59 tank. Therefore, in the late 1950s the PLA Ground Force submitted requirements for a light tank which could be successfully deployed in the areas of southern China. The development of the Type 62 light tank began at Factory 674 (Harbin First Machinery Building Group Ltd) in 1958. Construction of the first Type 62 light tank prototype, Type 59-16, began in 1960 and ended in 1962. The tank officially entered production and service with the PLA in 1963.

Based on experience gathered during the Sino-Vietnamese War an update for Type 62 was designed, consisting 33 different improvements and was designated Type 62-I.

After an unsuccessful attempt at fitting the Type 62 light tank with the turret from the Type 63A amphibious light tank a new turret was designed and fitted on the Type 62. This new variant was designated Type 62G.

GENERAL INFORMATION
DesignationsType 62
Manufacturer(s)Factory No. 674
StatusIn service with China.
Production Period1963-1978Production Quantity1200+
Typelight lankCrew4 (C-G-L-D)
Length, overall7.9mLength, hull5.6m
Width, overall2.9mHeight, overall2.3m
Combat Weight21000kgUnloaded Weightn/a
Radio, externaln/aCommunication, crewn/a
FIREPOWER
Main Armament85mm rifled gunAmmunition Carried47x85mm
Gun Traverse360Elevation/Depression+20/-4
Traverse RateElevation Rate
Gun StabilizationnoneRangefindern/a
Night VisionnoneAuto-Loadern/a
Secondary Armament12.7mm MG (AA)
2 x 7.62mm MG (coaxial, bow)
Ammunition Carried1250x12.7mm
1750x7.62mm



MOBILITY CHARACTERISTICS
Engineliquid-cooled dieselTransmissionmanual (4 forward, 1 reverse)
Horsepower430hp at 1800rpmSuspensiontorsion bar
Power/Weight Ratio20.5hp/tTrack Width380mm
Speed, on road60km/hTrack Ground Contact3.53m
Fuel Capacity730 lGround Pressure0.71kg/cm2
Range, on road500kmGradient60%
Fuel Consumption146 l/100kmVertical Obstacle0.7m
Turning Radiusn/aTrench Crossing2.6m
Ground Clearance0.42mFording1.3m
SURVIVABILITY FEATURES
Smoke Layingn/aNBC Protectionn/a
Armor DetailsArmor thickness, hull: 12-25mm; turret: 32-50mm.

End notes