TACAM T-60

The TACAM T-60 (Tun Anticar pe Afet Mobil - Self-propelled Anti-tank Gun) was a Romanian tank destroyer used during World War II. It was built by removing the turret of captured T-60 light tanks and building a pedestal to mount an ex-Soviet 76.2 mm (3.00 in) M-1936 F-22 field gun in its place. A three-sided fighting compartment was built to protect the gun and its crew. Thirty-four were built in 1943, and they served in the Jassy-Kishniev Offensive, and the Budapest Offensive.

TACAM T-60
Class Vehicle
Type Self-Propelled artillery
Manufacturer Atelierele Leonida
Origin Romania
Country Name Origin Year
Romania 1943
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Romania 1943 1945 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Atelierele Leonida 1943 34 View

By December 1942 it was blatantly obvious that Romania had nothing capable of defeating the modern Soviet medium and heavy tanks and wasn't likely to get anything capable of doing so from the Germans anytime soon. Romania had a number of captured modern Soviet tanks and field guns and it was decided to convert them to tank destroyers on the model of the German Marder II. The T-60 light tank was chosen because Romanian industry could maintain it, not least because its engine was a license-built Dodge-Derotto-Fargo F.H.2 for which spares were available in both Romania and Germany. A captured Soviet 76.2 millimetres (3.00 in) M-1936 F-22 field gun was removed from its carriage and a new mount was fabricated to fit the gun to a turretless T-60. A fighting compartment was built using armor salvaged from captured Soviet tanks and the suspension was reinforced to handle its greater weight. Leonida finished the prototype on 19 January 1943.

A total of thirty-four were converted by Leonida in Bucharest by the end of 1943. Sixteen were assigned to the 61st Tacam Company which was assigned to the 1st Armored Regiment and eighteen were organized into the 62nd Tacam Company and assigned to the 2nd Armored Regiment. Despite these nominal assignments the TACAM T-60s were assigned as needed. The ad hoc Cantemir Armored Group was formed on 24 February 1944 to reinforce the defenses of Northern Transnistria from elements of the 1st Armored Division and included fourteen TACAM T-60s in two batteries. This was later returned to its parent 1st Armored Division and the tank destroyers fought with the division during the Soviet Jassy-Kishniev Offensive.

Nothing is known about any action immediately after Romania's defection to the Allies in late August 1944 or in the defense of Romania during the following month, but it seems likely that all surviving vehicles were repossessed by the Soviets during October 1944.

GENERAL DATA
Formal DesignationTun autopropulsat cu afet mobil (TACAM T-60)
Manufacturer(s)n.a.
Production Quantity35Production Period1943
TypeTank DestroyerCrewn.a.
Length hull/overall (m)n.a.Barrel Overhang (m)n.a.
Width (m)n.a.Height (m)n.a.
Combat Weight (kg)n.a.Radio Equipmentn.a.
FIREPOWER
Primary Armament76.2mm F-22 [USSR]Ammunition Carriedn.a.
Traverse (degrees)n.a.Elevation (degrees)n.a.
Traverse speed (360°)n.a.Sightn.a.
Secondary Armamentn.a.Ammunition Carriedn.a.


MOBILITY CHARACTERISTICS
Engine Make & Modeln.a.No. of Links/Trackn.a.
Type & Displacementn.a.Track Widthn.a.
Horsepowern.a.Track Ground Contactn.a.
Power/Weight Ration.a.Ground Pressuren.a.
Gearboxn.a.Ground Clearance (m)n.a.
Fueln.a.Turning Radius (m)n.a.
Range on/off road (km)n.a.Gradient (degrees)n.a.
Mileage (liters/100km)n.a.Vertical Obstacle (m)n.a.
Fuel Capacity (liters)n.a.Fording (m)n.a.
Speed on/off roadn.a.Trench Crossing (m)n.a.
ARMOR PROTECTION
Armor (mm@degrees)FrontSideRearTop/Bottom
Hulln.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.
Superstructuren.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.
Turretn.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.
Mantletn.a.---

End notes