Toldi IIa

The 38M Toldi was a Hungarian light tank, based on the Swedish Landsverk L-60B tank. It was named after the 14th century Hungarian knight Miklós Toldi.

The 38M Toldi was produced and developed under license from Swedish company AB Landsverk between 1939 and 1942. Only 202 were produced.


  • Toldi I ( A20) - first variant armed with 20 mm gun, 80 made.
  • Toldi II ( B20) - variant with thicker front armour, 110 made.
  • Toldi IIa ( B40) - modification developed in 1942, armed with 40 mm gun - 80 tanks of earlier variant were rearmed this way.
  • Toldi III ( C40) - improved variant, only 12 made.
Toldi IIa
Class Vehicle
Type Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Manufacturer AB Landsverk
Origin Hungary
Country Name Origin Year
Hungary 1939
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Hungary View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
AB Landsverk View

Toldi tanks entered Hungarian service in 1940. They first saw action with the Hungarian Army against Yugoslavia in 1941.

These tanks were mostly used against the USSR between 1941-1944. Because of their light armour, armament and good communications equipment, they were mostly used for reconnaissance. The design was no match against Soviet T-34 medium tanks encountered during the early stages of Operation Barbarossa.

Formal Designation38M Toldi IIa
Production Quantityn.a.Production Periodn.a.
TypeLight TankCrew3
Length hull/overall (m)4.75Width (m)2.14
Height (m)2.05Combat Weight (kg)9300
Primary Armament40mm 37/42MAmmunition Carriedn.a.
Traverse (degrees)(360°)Elevation (degrees)n.a.
Traverse speed (360°)n.a.Rate of Firen.a.
Secondary Armament8mm 34/40M (coaxial)Ammunition Carriedn.a.

Engine Make & ModelL-8-V/36TRSpeed on/off road48 km/h
Type & Displacement8 cylinder, 7.9 litresGround Pressuren.a.
Horsepower155Ground Clearance (m)n.a.
Power/Weight Ratio16.7 hp/tTurning Radius (m)n.a.
Gearboxn.a.Gradient (degrees)n.a.
Range on/off road (km)220Vertical Obstacle (m)n.a.
Mileage (litres/100km)n.a.Fording (m)n.a.
Fuel Capacity (litres)n.a.Trench Crossing (m)n.a.
Armor (mm@degrees)FrontSideRearTop/Bottom

End notes