The BTR-80 (BTR stands for bronyetransportyer, literally meaning "armoured transporter") is an 8x8 wheeled amphibious armoured personnel carrier (APC) designed in the USSR. Adopted in 1986 and replaced the previous versions, BTR-60 and BTR-70 in the Soviet Army. It was first deployed during Soviet war in Afghanistan.

Class Vehicle
Type Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Manufacturer Arzamas Machinery Plant
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1984
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Afghanistan View
Algeria View
Angola View
Armenia View
Bangladesh View
Ceylon (Sri Lanka) View
Colombia View
Djibouti View
Estonia View
Georgia View
Hungary View
India View
Indonesia View
Iraq View
Ivory Coast View
Kazakhstan View
Kenya View
Kyrgyzstan View
Macedonia View
Moldova View
Mongolia View
North Korea View
Pakistan View
Romania View
Russia (USSR) View
Sudan View
Syria View
Tajikistan View
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) View
Turkmenistan View
Ukraine View
Uzbekistan View
Venezuela View
Azerbaijan View
Belarus View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Arzamas Machinery Plant View

The Soviets based the BTR-80 on the BTR-70 APC. It has a single 260-hp, V-8 turbocharged, water-cooled, diesel engine, an improvement over the twin gasoline engines installed in the BTR-60 and BTR-70 vehicles. The reconfigured rear portion of the hull accommodates a new, single engine. The Soviets removed the roof chamfers of the modified BTR-70, raised the rear, and squared off the rearward-sloping engine compartment. Standard equipment include TNPO vision blocks, optical devices TNP-B and TKN-3 for the driver and commander, an OU-3GA2M infra-red search light, six 81 mm smoke grenade launchers 902V "Tucha", a radioset (R-173 or R-163-50U), an intercom and hydrojets.

In service 1986 – present
Used by See Operators
Wars Soviet War in Afghanistan
Nagorno-Karabakh War
Georgian Civil War
Turkish-Kurdish conflict
Transnistria War
Tajikistan Civil War
First Chechen War
War of Dagestan
Second Chechen War
2008 South Ossetian War
Iraqi insurgency (2011–present)
War in Donbass
Manufacturer(s)GAZ, now Arzamas Machinery Construction Factory
StatusProduction as required. In service with Russia and others.
Production Period1984 - circa1995Production Quantityn/a
TypeAPCCrew3 + 7
Length, overall7.7mLength, hull7.7m
Width, overall2.9mHeight, overall2.4m
Combat Weight13600kgUnloaded Weightn/a
Radio, externaln/aCommunication, crewn/a
Main Armament14.5mm KPVT MGAmmunition Carried500x14.5mm
Gun Traverse360Elevation/Depression+60/-4
Traverse RatemanualElevation Ratemanual
Gun StabilizationnoneRangefindernone
Night VisionyesAuto-Loaderyes
Secondary Armament7.62mm PKVT MG (coaxial)Ammunition Carried2000x7.62mm

EngineKamAZ-7403 V8 turbocharged diesel (1)Transmissionmanual (5 forward, 1 reverse)
Power/Weight Ratio19.1hp/tConfiguration8x8
Speed, on road90km/h (2)Wheelbase, overall4.4m
Fuel Capacity300 lTires13.00 x 18 (tubeless)
Range, on road600kmGround Pressuren/a
Fuel Consumptionn/aGradient60%
Turning Radiusn/aSide Slope42%
Ground Clearance0.48mVertical Obstacle0.5m
Angle of Approachn/aTrench Crossing2.0m
Angle of Departuren/aFordingamphibious
Smoke Laying6 x 81mm smoke grenade launchersNBC Protectionyes
Armor Detailsn/a
(1) From 1993 the BTR-80 was fitted with the YaMZ-238M2 V8 turbocharged diesel developing 240hp.
(2) Maximum speed 10km/h on water.

End notes